Mammals of the Kruger National Park and surrounding Bushveld, by Veronica Roodt
This is a highly informative guidebook to mammals of Kruger National Park and surrounding Bushveld including information on skulls, spoors and droppings.
Dentition: Ruminant dentition
Ruminants have such a specialised digestive system that the teeth are secondary. The lower jaw retains its incisors and canines, the latter often taking on the shape of incisors. The incisors as well as the canines are absent from the upper jaw and what remains is a horny pad against which the lower incisors press when biting, to reduce wear. Pre-molars and molars are present in both the top and bottom jaws. The tongues of all antelopes are long and prehensile for the selection of food. To make space for the tongue, the jaw is elongated and the resulting, toothless space between the incisors and the molars is called the diastema. Zebra: The zebra has a single stomach and has to rely on grinding the food properly before swallowing. Therefore the teeth are long to accommodate the wear and they have both sets of incisors, which enable them to nip off grass stems. Their digestive system is well adapted to make use of the sugar in the grass stems. Rhinoceros: They lack canine and incisor teeth in both jaws but the broad lips are perfectly suited to pluck grass (white rhino) or leaves (black rhino). The molars and pre-molars are high-crowned with fine surfaces - well adapted for masticating the food. Elephant: The upper incisor teeth have been transformed into tusks. There are six molars that are periodically replaced during an elephant's lifetime. They are replaced from the back and the old molars are pushed out in front (like a conveyer-belt). Hippopotamus: The hippo retains its incisor and canine teeth in both jaws but these are used exclusively for fighting and self-defence. The molars are high-crowned. The wide, flattened, hard lips are used very effectively to pluck grass. Warthog: Warthogs have elongated, curved canines that are used for self-defence and rooting. Lower canines occlude against upper ones and are razor sharp. The incisor teeth do not serve much purpose as warthogs use their lips to nip off the grass. Carnivores: The carnivores retain upper and lower incisors, canines, premolars and molars. In most species the canines are very well developed and elongated for killing their prey effectively. Most species in this group also have carnassials. This is where the fourth upper premolar and the first lower molar occlude in such a way that they form blade-like edges, enabling them to cut through the toughest skin and bones. In some species that do not eat exclusively meat, the molars are better suited for crushing than shearing. Aardwolf: The molars of the aardwolf are reduced to pegs. Pangolin: They have no teeth at all as their stomach does the work of teeth. Aardvark The teeth consist of densely packed tubules surrounded by dentine. The teeth lack enamel. Hyrax: The hyrax has two ever-growing incisor teeth, almost like the tusks of an elephant. Primates: They have teeth for an omnivorous diet, like humans, but they have large incisors for self-defence. Rodents: They have prominent, evergrowing, gnawing incisors that occlude against each other to keep them sharp. They lack canines and have a diastema.
White rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum)
RHINOCEROS - PERISSODACTYLA
German: Breitmaulnashorn; Afrikaans: Witrenoster; Italian: Rinoceronte; French: Le Rhinoserus blanc; Spanish: Rinoceronte Blanco.
Skeleton: The rhino has a rigid spine and a short neck to enable it to maintain its balance when galloping. Their flexibility and strength are improved in that each vertebrae has a slot at the back into which the following spine fits lengthwise. When galloping, the head is held high and this requires tremendous muscle power. [...]
This is an excerpt from the guide Mammals of the Kruger National Park and surrounding Bushveld, by Veronica Roodt.
Title: Mammals of the Kruger National Park and surrounding Bushveld
Author: Veronica Roodt
Veronica Roodt Publications
Hartbeespoort, South Africa 2013
ISBN 9780986992605 / ISBN 978-0-9869926-0-5
Softcover, 17 x 24 cm, 96 pages, throughout colour photos and images
Roodt, Veronica im Namibiana-Buchangebot
This is a easy-to-use guidebook to mammals of Kruger National Park and surrounding Bushveld including information on skulls, spoors and droppings.
Die Tourist Map of Serengeti National Park ist auf Grundlage von Satellitenbildern erstellt und bietet sieben weitere Ausschnittskarten des Serengeti-Nationalparks.
Grasses and Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna is a guide to 100 grass species and to the grazers that feed on them.
This perfect set includes five Shell maps to all regions of Botswana and The Shell Tourist Travel and Field Guide of Botswana.
Dieser Satz Shell-Karten von Botswana umfaßt die Hauptkarte von Botswana und je eine Karte von Chobe, Moremi, Okavango und Linyanti sowie vom Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.
This is a easy-to-use guidebook to mammals of Botswana and surrounding areas including information on anatomy, physiology, skulls, spoors and droppings.
Includes all the common herbaceous (nonwoody) plants, wild flowers, waterplants and grasses of the Okavango Delta, Chobe, Makgadikgadi pans and the Kalahari.
Expert Veronica Roodt introduces grasses of the Kruger National Park and the surrounding Bushveld.
Wie alle Karten aus der Serie von Veronica Roodt, basiert auch die Tourist Map of the National Park Lake Manyara auf Satellitenaufnahmen.
Die Tourist Map of Tarangire National Park in Tansania stammt aus der Ostafrika-Kartenserie von Veronica Rood.
Veronica Rood hat mit der Tourist Map of Arusha National Park eine beliebte und gut zu lesende Karte geschaffen.
Veronica Roodt’s Tourist Map of Kilimanjaro National Park ist auf Satellitenaufnahmen aufgebaut und mit einem kräftigen, gut lesbaren Kartendesign versehen.
Die Tourist Map of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area ist mit Satellitenbildern hinterlegt und mit kräftigen Kartenmerkmalen versehen.
Veronica Roodt’s travel and field guide of Ngorongoro Conservation Area is made for tourists seeking for nature impressions.
Veronica Roodt’s travel and field guide of the Serengeti National Park is consequently designed for tourists with an interest for Nature.
Die Shell Tourist Map of Botswana ist eine über viele Jahre ausgreifte, sehr zuverlässige Karte für den Urlaub in Botswana.
Common Wild Flowers of the Okavango Delta is not only an identification Guide but also explains their medicinal uses and nutritional value.
Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta is not only an identification Guide but also explains their medicinal uses and nutritional value.
The Shell Tourist Map of Okavango Delta and Linyanti stellt die Region im Maßstab 1:400.000 und auf der Grundlage von Satellitenbildern dar.
Die Shell Tourist Map of Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park stellt die ehemaligen Gemsbok National Parks in verschiedenen Maßstäben und Karten vor.
The Shell Tourist Map of Moremi Game Reserve ist eine hervorragende Karte des 1963 gegründeten Wildreservat in Botswana.
The Shell Tourist Map of Chobe National Park ist eine verläßliche Reisekarte für den Chobe-Nationalpark in Botswana.
A combination of two reliable and leading products: The Shell Tourist Map of Botswana plus The Shell Tourist Travel and Field Guide of Botswana.