Biodiversity in southern Africa, Volume 2: Patterns and processes at regional scale

Biodiversity in southern Africa, Volume 2: Patterns and processes at regional scale. BIOTA AFRICA. ISBN  9783933117465 / ISBN  978-3-933117-46-5 (Europe) / ISBN 9789991657325 / ISBN 978-99916-57-32-5 (Southern Africa)

Biodiversity in southern Africa, Volume 2: Patterns and processes at regional scale. BIOTA AFRICA. ISBN 9783933117465 / ISBN 978-3-933117-46-5 (Europe) / ISBN 9789991657325 / ISBN 978-99916-57-32-5 (Southern Africa)

This Volume 2 of Biodiversity in southern Africa, Volume 2: Patterns and processes at regional scale, is of interest for all users. Based on the data from the 37 Observatories and beyond, all the data are integrated, compared, and discussed in a wider context.

Norbert Jürgens  Ute Schmiedel  

Its Part III starts with a reconstruction of the history of environmental changes (Chapter III.l) followed by a regional perspective (Chapter III.2). The direct comparison of the single Observatories along the BIOTA transects is presented as Chapter III.3, supplemented by a series of case studies, which highlight research results on specific groups of organisms (Chapter III.4). The next four Chapters of Part III deal with the understanding of the drivers and processes of biodiversity change. Chapter III.5 describes how humans have impacted on biodiversity over time. Chapter III.6 reports on the results of experiments, which improve our understanding of the nature of these changes. Chapter III.7 highlights the insight that scientific models provide in understanding the impact of different factors and processes on environmental change and also in widening our ability to project present dynamics into the future. Finally, Chapter III. 8 reports on stakeholder interactions, knowledge exchange and various ways to develop additional capacities for better management of biodiversity.

Contributing authors to Biodiversity in southern Africa, Volume 2: Patterns and processes at regional scale:

Niels Blaum, Roland Brandl, Erik Braune, Burkhard Büdel, Reginald A. Christiaan, René R. Colditz, Clement Cupido, Sandra Damm, Tatyana Darienko, Jürgen Deckert, Jürgen Dengler, Kirstin Deutschewitz, Stephanie Dojani, Stephanie E. Domptail, Niels Dreber, Elke Erb, Annette Eschenbach, Karen J. Esler, Thomas Falk, Jens Fendler, Anne Frank, Thomas Friedl, Conrad Geldenhuys, Ursula Gessner, Tarig Gibreel, Urs Christian Giesselmann, Alexander Gröngröft, Martin Gruber, Heike Hadrys, Andreas Haensler, Stefan Hagemann, Nora Heil, Thomas Hillmann, Manfred O. Hinz, M. Timm Hoffman, Anke Hoffmann, John Hoffmann, Anne Horn, Christian Hüttich, Richard S. Isaacks, Daniela Jacob, Florian Jeltsch, David Francois Joubert, Norbert Jürgens, Reinhold Kambuli, Richard Kamukuenjandje, Justus Kauatjirue, Manfred Keil, Lizande Kellerman, Jens Kipping, Michael Kirk, Frank Koch, Bettina Koelle, Bertchen Kohrs, Linnéa Koop, Martijn Kos, Donna Kotze, Bertus Kruger, Manfred Küppers, Lisa Lebershausen, Dirk Lohmann, Kurt Loris, Marianna Johanna Lot, Melanie Lück-Vogel, Jona Luther-Mosebach, Denise Mager, Clever Mapaure, Khumbudzo Maphangwa, Eugene Marais, Andreas Martens, Carolin Mayer, Tanya Medinski, Wolfram Mey, Jork Meyer, Susanne Meyfarth, Günter Miehlich, Anthony Mills, Katrin I. Mohr, Vilho Snake Mtuleni, Gerhard Muche, Robert S. Mukuya, Jutta Müller, Charles Musil, Daniela Neu, Ernst-August Nuppenau, Justine Nyaga, Noel Oettle, Jens Oldeland, Claas Olehowski, Andreas Petersen, Michael Pfiz, Wynand Pieters, Alexander Popp, Peter Poschlod, Sebastian Prediger, Hugh Pringle, Michael Pröpper, Lincoln Raitt, Gerhard Rambold, Otto Richter, Richard F. Rohde, Margaretha W. (Gretel) van Rooyen, Sascha Rösner, Eva Rossmanith, Oliver C. Ruppel, Sheunesu Ruwanza, Michael J. Samways, Ute Schmiedel, Matthias Schultz, Sharon Schütze, Monika Schwager, Kuniberth Shamathe, John P. Simaika, G. Nico Smit, Dagmar Söndgerath, Jutta Steinhäuser, Ben J. Strohbach, Marianne Strohbach, Frank Suhling, Andrzej Suwald, Jeannete Swartbooi, Sebedeus Swartbooi, Joerg Tews, Britta Tietjen, Katrin Vohland, Bernd Wasiolka, Bettina Weber, Dirk Wesuls, Matthias Wichmann, Mareike Wieczorek, Thorsten Wiegand, Heike Winschiers-Theophilus, Volkmar Wirth, Luciana Zedda, Ulrich Zeller, Ibo Zimmermann, Julia Zimmermann.

Table of content: Biodiversity in southern Africa, Volume 2: Patterns and processes at regional scale

Part III: Patterns and processes at regional scale
III.1 Reconstruction of historical changes
III.1.1 Climate history of Namibia and western South Africa
III.1.2 Landscape and vegetation change in Namibia since 1876 based on the photographs of the Palgrave Commission
III.1.3 An analysis of 20th century vegetation change in Namaqualand using repeat photography
III.2. Large-scale patterns and dynamics
III.2.1 Regional climatological patterns and their simulated change
III.2.2 Spatial patterns of topography in southern Africa
III.2.3 Large-scale vegetation assessments in southern Africa: concepts and applications using multi-source remote sensing data
III.2.4 Towards a user-friendly vegetation map of Namibia: ground truthing approach to vegetation mapping
III.2.5 Diversity and endemism of true bugs (Heteroptera) in the arid biomes of south-western Africa
III.2.6 Dragonfly diversity from the Cape to the Kavango
III.2.7 The relevance of perennial springs for regional biodiversity and conservation
III.3. Patterns and dynamics along the BIOTA transects
III.3.1 Surface climate and its simulated change along the BIOTA transects
III.3.2 Elevation profile along transects
III.3.3 Soils along the BIOTA transects
III.3.4 Biological soil crusts along the BIOTA Southern Africa transects
III.3.5 Patterns of soil lichen diversity along the BIOTA transects in relation to climate and soil features
III.3.6 Changing patterns of lichen growth form distributions within the lichen fields of the Central Namib
III.3.7 Lichen distribution along an ocean-inland transect in the fog zone of the Central Namib
III.3.8 Patterns and dynamics of vascular plant diversity along the BIOTA transects in southern Africa
III.3.9 Life forms along the BIOTA transects - new perspectives on biomes in southern Africa
III.3.10 Using the MODIS Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) for BIOTA transect analyses
III.3.11 Basic patterns of Lepidoptera diversity in Namibia
III.4. Case studies on biodiversity patterns
III.4.1 Mapping of biological soil crusts in the Succulent Karoo using hyperspectral remote sensing data
III.4.2 Snail shells as shelters for arthropods in the sand dunes of the Namaqualand Sandveld (Northern Cape Province, South Africa)
III.4.3 Dispersal strategies of desert inhabiting dragonflies - comparative population genetic study of five widely distributed species
III.4.4 Reptile diversity in savanna rangelands at a regional scale
III.4.5 Coloniality of birds in the Kalahari - spatial distribution of trees and nests of the Sociable Weaver {Philetairus socius)
III.4.6 Shrub pattern affects reproductive success in the Yellow Mongoose {Cynictis penicillata)
III.5. Human impacts on biodiversity
III.5.1 Biodiversity conservation under Namibian environmental law
III.5.2 Traditional and modern use of biodiversity - customary law and its potential to protect biodiversity
III.5.3 Economic and ecological indicators of land reform projects in eastern Namibia
III.5.4 Evaluation of the soil degradation state along fence-line contrasts
III.5.5 Impact of landuse at landscape scale, using fenceline contrasts and a best-practice case study
III.5.6 Plant functional traits and types as a tool to analyse landuse impacts on vegetation
III.5.7 The impact of grazing on pollinators and pollination
III.5.8 Overgrazing favours desert species - differences in arthropod and small mammal communities of the twin sites Gellap Ost and Nabaos
III.6 Expanding knowledge through experiments
III.6.1 Responses of dwarf succulent plants, lichens, and soils to experimental climate warming in an arid South African ecosystem
III.6.2 Exclosures and experimental grazing plots at the BIOTA Observatories Narais and Duruchaus
III.6.3 Restoration of a gully system in the Highland Savanna of Namibia
III.6.4 The effectiveness of sucrose applications as a restoration aid in transformed lowland fynbos ecosystems
III.6.5 Understanding norms and propensities for cooperation and collective action: economic experiments within BIOTA
III.7 Expanding knowledge through models
III.7.1 The role of models in biodiversity observation schemes
III.7.2 Modelling vegetation change in arid and semi-arid savannas.
III.7.3 Modelling animal responses to changes in climate and landuse
III.7.4 A spatially explicit model for interacting populations of dragonflies in arid Namibia
III.7.5 Bio-economic modelling in BIOTA Southern Africa: approaches developed, empirical foundation, results, and lessons learnt
III.7.6 Model-based simulation tools
III.8 Stakeholder interactions and capacity development
III.8.1 BIOTA's strategies for stakeholder interaction and capacity development
III.8.2 Learning from each other: participatory research with landusers on management applications
III.8.3 The BIOTA para-ecologist programme - towards capacity development and knowledge exchange
III.8.4 Film making as an instrument of research communication and capacity development
III.8.5 Recommendations and decision support for local to national level decision makers
III.8.6 Data access and availability: BIOTA data facility
III.8.7 Lessons learnt from interdisciplinary participatory research in the BIOTA project

This is an excerpt from Biodiversity in southern Africa, Volume 2: Patterns and processes at regional scale.

Title: Biodiversity in southern Africa, Volume 2
Subtitle: Patterns and processes at regional scale
Editors: Norbert Jürgens; Ute Schmiedel; M. Tim Hofman
Contributers: as listed above
© University of Hamburg
Publisher: Klaus Hess Publishers
Göttingen, Namibia 2010
ISBN  9783933117465 / ISBN  978-3-933117-46-5 (Europe)
ISBN 9789991657325 / ISBN 978-99916-57-32-5 (Southern Africa)
Hardcover, 21 x 30 cm, 410 pages, throughout photos, figures, tables and maps

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