The Golden Rhino. An African Naissance

The Golden Rhino: An African Naissance is an illustrated chronology of Mapungubwe, Great Zimbabwe and Thulamela.
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Title: The Golden Rhino
Subtitle: An illustrated chronology of Mapungubwe, Great Zimbabwe and Thulamela
Author: Rainer D. K. Bruchmann
Pretoria, South Africa 2003
Softcover, 21 x 29 cm, 96 pages, several bw-pictures

About: The Golden Rhino. An African Naissance

Mapungubwe and the Golden Rhino have become symbols of an early African culture, widely accepted as an African Naissance. For the reader, the book places these symbols in a historical context to fully appreciate their significance and follows the chronological development of the people and their cultures. The evolution is portrayed by "The Cradle of Humankind" in Sterkfontein. This leads to the San and Khoi, the earliest inhabitants of Southern Africa.

They have to face the arrival of the Bantu speakers from the north, who settle along the Limpopo. This results in the settlements of Mapungubwe, Great Zimbabwe and Thulamela. Mysterious kingdoms are built, wealth and power created and far reaching trading patterns developed. The author traces the arrival of the Europeans and its consequences and concludes with the establishment of the Transfrontier Peace Parks, seen by many as an expression of an African Renaissance. The book has been written with the support of some of South Africa's most prominent academics and printed by the University of Pretoria.

Content: The Golden Rhino. An African Naissance

Time Table
From the Author

Chapter I:

An African Beginning (Introduction to an African Naissance)
African People
San - Khoi - Proto-Bantu-Nucleus

Chapter II:

The search for gold by the Portuguese leads to an early African culture
(The motivation - the lust for gold)
Arabs - Portuguese - Settlers are driven by the hope for gold

Chapter III:

From small settlements to chiefdoms to kingdoms (Interpretation of an early African Culture in
chronological order)
Happy-Rest people - Leopards Kopje people - Zhizo - K 2 - Mapungubwe - Great-Zimbabwe Culture - Their chiefdoms and kingdoms at Mapungubwe, Thulamela, Monomotapa (Great-Zimbabwe) - Khami - Danangombe

Chapter IV:

Great Zimbabwe - first visits by the Portuguese (Early European explorers)
The Portuguese - The Portuguese Missionary - A King of Monomotapa - Confrontation - The coast of
Sofala and the Kingdom of Monomotapa

Chapter V:

Great-Zimbabwe culture (The exploration and interpretation in chronological order)
- The ruins - finds of the archaeologists and historians - The Hill Complex - Great-Enclosure - Valley
Enclosure - Khami and Danangombe Ruins - The dating and interpretation of the origin of the ruins

Chapter VI:

Mapungubwe re-discovered (The exploration and interpretation in chronological order).The Africans and the Boers - The graves excavations and finds of the archaeologists and historians - The Happy Rest People - The Zhizo and their culture on the farm Schroda - Development of a political hierarchy of an early Bantu-society - The people at K2 in a valley one km away from Mapungubwe - Mmamagwa - The Mapungubwe complex - Mapungubwe Hill - The three gold burials - The Golden Rhino - Mapungubwe is abandoned

Chapter VII:

Thulamela - Makahane - Matjigwili (The exploration and interpretation in chronological order)
- Mapungubwe and Great Zimbabwe cultures continue to thrive in a far away area - The Lemba - The
mythical gold - The Dutch V.O.C

Chapter VIII:

Trade (The Trade patterns)
The export trade - gold - ivory - hides The import trade - glass beads - Chinese porcelain - Internal
trade and manufacture of various artefacts - ceramics and pottery

Chapter IX:

The Boers and the Settlers (The European settlers in the 19th century)
Mmamagwa retained its importance - The Tuli Block - A trading store and a coach depot make
history - The Bryce trading store -The Zeederberg Mail Coach Service - The domain of the animals - The Peace and Frontier Parks and the African Naissance The Tuli Circle - Fort Tuli, Zimbabwe's first town - Tales from the Tuli Circle - Cannons thunder over the archaeological sites of Mapungubwe

Chapter X:

A Golden Rhino leaves a trail of doubt (An Afterthought)

Chapter XI:

References Literature - Exhibitions - Organisations