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The Mammal Guide of Southern Africa

The Mammal Guide of Southern Africa

Identification, animal's behaviour, distribution, habitat preference, reproduction, tracks, droppings, etc.
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The Mammal Guide of Southern Africa

Author: Burger Cillie
Briza Publications
2nd edition, Pretoria 2007
ISBN: 978-1-875093-45-8
Soft cover, 15x21 cm, 224 pages, 300 colour photographs, distribution maps

The Mammal Guide of Southern Africa Klar gegliederter Säugetierführer für das südliche Afrika, gut fotografiert und mit allen denkbaren Informationen zu 120 Spezien.


Description:

The new edition of this popular field guide has been fully revised and updated, making it one of the most comprehensive guides to the land mammals of the subregion.

The new edition includes:

• An easy-to-use system to identify the mammals in the book

• Detailed species descriptions, including information on the conservation status, size, food, life expectancy, enemies, habits, voice and breeding of more than 120 of the most common land mammals of southern Africa

• More than 200 excellent colour photographs of the male and female animals

• Photographs and illustrations of field signs, such as droppings and spoor, as well as distribution maps

• A table illustrating the tracks (spoor) of all the animals featured

• Illustrations showing the difference in size between each animal and a human

• A brand-new section which includes examples from all the families of smaller mammals, such as shrews, elephant shrews, moles, mole rats, bats, rats and mice

• The Mammal Guide of Southern Africa is a must for game watchers, hikers and anyone with a love for nature


Content:

Acknowledgements
Introduction
Identification Key
Ungulates
Very Large Mammals
Carnivores
Small Mammals
Spoor (Tracks)
References
Index


Introduction:

This guide is not a textbook for zoologists - although all the facts are zoologically correct. It has been compiled to provide the general public with relevant information about our wild animals.

While the emphasis is on identification, the book also contains a great deal of other relevant information about each animal's behaviour, distribution, habitat preference, reproduction, tracks, droppings, etc.

All of the more common mammals that one is likely to come across are discussed and illustrated with the help of good colour photographs. In each case, two photographs (usually of the male and female) have been included and have been selected in such a way that identifying marks are visible. Distinguishing features of animals which may be confused with one another are also highlighted.

The spoor illustration of each animal is of the left back paw. Some animals' front and back paws differ drastically. The front paw illustration is then marked with an "F". The teeth and horn records were taken from the latest edition of Rowland Ward's African Records of Big Game.

The layout has been planned with the emphasis on user-friendliness, and the information has been set out briefly, concisely and logically. Language usage is fairly colloquial so that everybody, even children, will be able to use this book with ease.

The identification key should be helpful in directing beginners to the right group of animals.
The geographical region under discussion is the area south of the Kunene and Zambezi rivers (including the Caprivi).

The following symbols have been used to indicate an animal's conservation status:

EN: Endangered
CR: Critical
VU: Vulnerable


Example:

Greater Galago
Bosnagaap, also known as Thick-tailed Bushbaby
Otolemur crassicaudatus

Description: The Greater Galago is the larger of the two galagos. In addition to its bigger size, this galago's fur is much thicker and woollier than that of the South African Galago's, especially its prominent long, thick tall. Its characteristic large eyes and bare movable ears are very prominent. As with the South African Galago, the hind legs are very long and powerful (in comparison with the forelegs), developed for huge jumps between trees.

Sexual dimorphism: Males are slightly larger than females.

Habitat: Mountain and coastal forest, thickets in woodland with high rainfall and also in riverine forest in drier areas.

Habits: These galagos are shy, gregarious animals. They are nocturnal and are sporadically active during the night. They emerge after sunset and first groom themselves before they start feeding. The family group sleeps during the day high up in a tree in thick foliage, but during the night they forage on their own. Greater Galagos have the habit of urinating on their feet and scent-marking one another and their territory with their mammary glands.

Voice: An ominous, hoarse wailing.

Breeding: 2 young are born from August to September after a gestation period of 4 months.

Mass: male: ±1,22 kg / female ± 1,13 kg

Food: Fruit, gum, insects and also birds and reptiles.

Life expectancy: Unknown.

Enemies: Leopard, giant eagle owl.


Index:

Aap, Blou 200
Samango 202
Aardvark 172
Aardwolf 128
Acacia Rat 213
Acinonyx jubatus 114
Aepyceros melampus
melampus 16
Aepyceros melampus petersi 18
Aethomys namaquensis 213
African Buffalo 84
African Civet 142
African Clawless Otter 168
African Elephant 100
African Molerat 211
African Wild Cat 120
African Wild Dog 130
Alcelaphus buselaphus 76
Alcelaphus lichtensteinii 78
Amblysomus hottentotus 206
Angoni Vleirat 212
Angoni Vleirot 212
Antbear 172
Antelope, Livingstone's 60
Roan 34
Sable 36
Antidorcas marsupialis 20
Aonyx capensis 168
Atelerix frontalis 180
Atilax paludinosus 158
Baboon 204
Chacma 204
Bakoorvos 136
Banana Bat 209
Banded Mongoose 160
Bastergemsbok 34
Basterhartbees 74
Bat, Banana 209
Free-Tailed, Egyptian 208
Free-Tailed, Little 208
Fruit, Gambian Epauletted
207
Fruit, Peters' Epauletted 207
Fruit, Wahlberg's Epauletted
207
Horseshoe, Geoffroy's 210
Long-fingered, Schreibers'
209
Roundleaf, Sundevall's 210
Serotine, Cape 209
Slit-faced, Egyptian 210
Tomb, Mauritian 208
Bat-eared Fox 136
Black Rhinoceros 104
Black Wildebeest 80
Black-backed Jackal 134
Black-faced Impala 18
Black-footed Cat 122
Blesbok 70
Blouaap 200
Blouduiker 68
Blouwildebees 82
Blue Duiker 68
Blue Monkey 202
Blue Wildebeest 82
Bobbejaan 204
Bontebok 72
Boomeekhoring 194
Boomrot 213
Bosbok 22
Bosnagaap 198
Bosvark 94
Bosveldse Nagmuis 214
Boswaaierstertmuis 211
Brants se Fluitrot 212
Brants' Whistling Rat 212
Brindled Gnu 82
Brown Hyaena 126
Bruinhiena 126
Buffalo, African 84
Buffel 84
Burchell's Zebra 86
Bushbaby, Lesser 196
Thick-tailed 198
Bushbuck 22
Bushpig 94
Bushveld Gerbil 214
Canerat, Greater 178
Canis adustus 132
Canis mesomelas 134
Cape Clawless Otter 168
Cape Fox 138
Cape Grey Mongoose 154
Cape Grysbok 56
Cape Hare 186
Cape Hartebeest 76
Cape Hunting Dog 130
Cape Mountain Zebra 88
Cape Porcupine 182
Cape Serotine Bat 209
Caracal 116
Caracal caracal 116
Cat, Black-footed 122
Small Spotted 122
Wild, African 120
Cephalophus natalensis 66
Ceratotherium simum 102
Cercopithecus aethiops 200
Cercopithecus mitis 202
Chacma Baboon 204
Chaerephon pumilus 208
Cheetah 114
Civet, African 142
Civettictis civetta 142
Common Duiker 64
Common Warthog 92
Connochaetes gnou 80
Connochaetes taurinus 82
Crocidura hirta 206
Crocuta crocuta 124
Cryptomys hottentotus 211
Cynictus penicillata 150
Damaliscus lunatus 74
Damaliscus pygargus dorcas
72
Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi
70
Damara Dik-dik 62
Dassie Rat 211
Dassie, Klip- 176
Rock 176
Dassierot 211
Dendromus melanotis 214
Diceros bicornis 104
Dik-dik, Damara 62
Dormouse, Woodland 211
Duiker 64
Blou- 68
Blue 68
Common 64
Grey 64
Natal 66
Red 66
Rooi- 66
Dwarf Mongoose 162
Dwergmuishond 162
Eastern Rock Elephant
Shrew 206
Eekhoring, Boom- 194
Waaierstertgrond- 192
Eenstreepmuis 212
Egiptiese Losstertvlermuis 208
Egiptiese Spleetneus-
vlermuis 210
Egiptiese Vrugtevlermuis 207
Egyptian Free-Tailed Bat 208
Egyptian Rousette 207
Egyptian Slit-faced Bat 210
Eland 30
Elephant Shrew, Eastern
Rock 206
Elephant, African 100
Elephantulus myurus 206
Epomophorus gambianus
crypturus 207
Epomophorus wahlbergi 207
Equus quagga 86
Equus zebra hartmannae 90
Equus zebra zebra 88
Erdvark 172
Felis nigripes 122
Felis silvestris lybica 120
Four-striped Grass Mouse 213
Fox, Bat-eared 136
Cape 138
Galago moholi 196
Galago, Greater 198
Galago, South African 196
Galerella flavescens 152
Galerella pulverolenta 154
Galerella sanguinea 152
Gambian Epauletted Fruit
Bat 207
Gambiese Witkolvrugte-
vlermuis 207
Gebande Muishond 160
Gemsbok 32
Baster- 34
Genet, Large-spotted 146
Rusty-spotted 146
Small-spotted 144
Genetta genetta 144
Genetta maculata 146
Genetta tigrina 146
Geoffroy se Saalneus-
vlermuis 210
Geoffroy's Horseshoe Bat 210
Gerbil, Bushveld 214
Gevlekte Hiena 124
Giraffa camelopardalis 96
Giraffe 96
Gnu, Brindled 82
White-tailed 80
Graphiurus murinus 211
Greater Canerat 178
Greater Galago 198
Greater Kudu 28
Grey Climbing Mouse 214
Grey Duiker 64
Grey Rhebok 48
Grootgrysmuishond 166
Grootkolmuskejaatkat 146
Groototter 168
Grootrietrot 178
Ground Pangolin 174
Grysbok 56
Cape 56
Kaapse 56
Sharpe's 58
Tropiese 58
Grysklimmuis 214
Haas, Kol- 184
Vlak- 186
Hare, Cape 186
Scrub 184
Hartbees, Baster- 74
Mof- 78
Rooi- 76
Hartebeest, Cape 76
Lichtenstein's 78
Red 76
Hartmann's Mountain Zebra 90
Hartmannse Bergkwagga 90
Hedgehog, South African 180
Helogale parvula 162
Herpestes ichneumon 166
Hiena, Bruin- 126
Gevlekte 124
Hippopotamus 106
Hippopotamus amphibius 106
Hipposideros caffer 210
Hippotragus equinus 34
Hippotragus niger 36
Honey Badger 140
Hook-lipped Rhinoceros 104
Hottentot Golden Mole 206
Hottentot Gouemol 206
Hyaena, Brown 126
Laughing 124
Spotted 124
Hyrax, Rock 176
Hystrix africaeaustralis 182
Ichneumia albicauda 156
Ictonyx striatus 148
letermagog 174
Impala 16
Black-faced 18
Jackal, Black-backed 134
Side-striped 132
Jagluiperd 114
Jakkals, Rooi- 134
Witkwas- 132
Jameson's Red Rock Rabbit
188
Kaapse Bergkwagga 88
Kaapse Dakvlermuis 209
Kaapse Grysbok 56
Kameelperd 96
Kaokoland Slender
Mongoose 152
Kaokolandse
Swartkwasmuishond 152
Kat, Klein Gekolde 122
Rooi- 116
Tierbos- 118
Vaalbos- 120
Klaasneus, Oostelike Klip- 206
Klein Gekolde Kat 122
Klein Losstertvlermuis 208
Klein Rooiskeerbek 206
Kleingrysmuishond 154
Kleinkolmuskejaatkat 144
Kleinotter 166
Klipdassie 176
Klipspringer 50
Knaagdiermol 211
Kobus ellipsiprymnus 38
Kobus leche 40
Kobus vardonii 42
Koedoe 28
Kolhaas 184
Konyn, Rooiklip- 188
Krimpvarkie 180
Kudu 28
Greater 28
Kwagga, Berg- 88, 90
Hartmannse 90
Kaapse 88
Kwagga, Vlakte- 86
Large Grey Mongoose 166
Large-spotted Genet 146
Laughing Hyaena 124
Lechwe 40
Rooi- 40
Leeu 110
222
Lemniscomys rosalia 212
Leopard 112
Leptailurus serval 118
Lepus capensis 186
Lepus saxatilis 184
Lesser Bushbaby 196
Lesser Red Musk Shrew 206
Lichtenstein's Hartebeest 78
Lion 110
Little Free-Tailed Bat 208
Livingstone's Antelope 60
Loxodonta africana 100
Luiperd 112
Lutra maculicolis 166
Lycaon pictus 130
Lynx 116
Madoqua kirkii 62
Manis temminckii 174
Marsh Mongoose 158
Mauritian Tomb Bat 208
Meerkat 164
Stokstert- 164
Mellivora capensis 140
Miniopterus schreibersii 209
Mofhartbees 78
Mol, Goue-, Hottentot 206
Knaagdier- 211
Vaal- 211
Mole, Golden, Hottentot 206
Molerat, African 211
Mongoose, Banded 160
Cape Grey 154
Dwarf 162
Kaokoland Slender 152
Large Grey 166
Marsh 158
Slender 152
Small Grey 154
Water 158
White-tailed 156
Yellow 150
Monkey, Blue 202
Samango 202
Vervet 200
Mountain Reedbuck 46
Mouse, Climbing, Grey 214
Grass, Four-striped 213
Grass, Single-striped 212
Pouched 214
Muis, Boswaaierstert- 211
Eenstreep- 212
Klim-, Grys- 214
Klip-, Namakwalandse 213
Nag-, Bosveldse 214
Streep- 213
Wangsak- 214
Muishond, Dwerg- 162
Gebande 160
Grootgrys- 166
Kleingrys- 4
Stink- 148
Swartkwas- 152
Swartkwas-, Kaokolandse
152
Water-, 158
Witkwas- 150
Witstert- 156
Mungos mungo 160
Muskejaatkat, Grootkol- 146
Kleinkol- 144
Rooikol- 146
Nagaap, Bos- 198
Nagapie 196
Namakwalandse Klipmuis 213
Namaqua Rock Rat 213
Natal Duiker 66
Natal Red Rock Rabbit 188
Neoromicia africanus 209
Neoromicia capensis 209
Neotragus moschatus 60
Njala 24
Nyala 24
Nycteris thebaica 210
Olifant 100
Oorbietjie 52
Oostelike Klipklaasneus 206
Oreotragus oreotragus 50
Oribi 52
Orycteropus afer 172
Oryx gazella 32
Otocyon megalotis 136
Otolemur crassicaudatus 198
Otomys angoniensis 212
Otter, African Clawless 168
Cape Clawless 168
Groot- 168
Klein- 166
Spotted-necked 166
Ourebia ourebi 52
Pangolin 174
Panthera leo 110
Panthera pardus 112
Papio hamadryas ursinus 204
Parahyaena brunnea 126
Paraxerus cepapi 194
Parotomys brantsii 212
Pedetes capensis 190
Pelea capreolus 48
Peters' Epauletted Fruit Bat
207
Petromus typicus 211
Phacochoerus africanus 92
Philantomba monticola 68
Piesangvlermuis 209
Plains Zebra 86
Poekoe 42
Polecat, Striped 148
Porcupine 182
Cape 182
Potamochoerus larvatus 94
Pouched Mouse 214
Procavia capensis 176
Pronolagus crassicaudatus
188
Pronolagus randensis 188
Pronolagus rupestris 188
Proteles cristatus 128
Puku 42
Rabbit, Red Rock 188
Jameson's 188
Natal 188
Smith's 188
Raphicerus campestris 54
Raphicerus melanotis 56
Raphicerus sharpei 58
Rat, Acacia 213
Dassie 211
Rock, Namaqua 213
Vlei-, Angoni 212
Whistling, Brants' 212
Ratel 140
Red Duiker 66
Red Hartebeest 76
Redunca arundinum 44
Redunca fulvorufula 46
Reedbuck 44
Mountain 46
Southern 44
Renoster, Swart- 104
Wit- 102
Rhabdomys pumilio 213
Rhebok, Grey 48
Rhinoceros, Black 104
Hook-lipped 104
Square-lipped 102
White 102
Rhinolophus clivosus 210
223
Ribbok, Rooi- 46
Vaal- 48
Rietbok 44
Rietrot, Groot- 178
Roan 34
Roan Antelope 34
Rock Dassie 176
Rock Hyrax 176
Rooibok, Swartneus- 18
Rooiduiker 66
Rooihartbees 76
Rooijakkals 134
Rooikat 116
Rooiklipkonyn 188
Rooikolmuskejaatkat 146
Rooilechwe 40
Rooiribbok 46
Rot, Boom- 213
Brants se Fluit- 212
Dassie- 211
Vlei-, Angoni 212
Rousette, Egyptian 207
Rousettus aegyptiacus 207
Rusty-spotted Genet 146
Sable 36
Sable Antelope 36
Saccostomus campestris 214
Samango Monkey 202
Samango-aap 202
Sassaby 74
Schreibers se Grotvlermuis 209
Schreibers' Long-fingered
Bat 209'
Scrub Hare 184
Seekoei 106
Serval 118
Sharpe's Grysbok 58
Shrew, Musk, Lesser Red 206
Side-striped Jackal 132
Silwervos 138
Single-striped Grass Mouse 212
Sitatunga 26
Siwet 142
Skeerbek, Rooi-, Klein- 206
Slender Mongoose 152
Small Grey Mongoose 154
Small Spotted Cat 122
Small-spotted Genet 144
Smith's Red Rock Rabbit 188
Soenie 60
South African Galago 196
South African Ground
Squirrel 192
South African Hedgehog 180
Southern Reedbuck 44
Spotted Hyaena 124
Spotted-necked Otter 166
Springbok 20
Springhaas 190
Springhare 190
Square-lipped Rhinoceros 102
Squirrel, South African
Ground 192
Tree 194
Steenbok 54
Stinkmuishond 148
Stokstertmeerkat 164
Streepmuis 213
Striped Polecat 148
Sundevall se
Bladneusvlermuis 210
Sundevall's Roundleaf Bat 210
Suni 60
Suricata suricatta 164
Suricate 164
Swartkwasmuishond 152
Swartneusrooibok 18
Swartrenoster 104
Swartwildebees 80
Swartwitpens 36
Sylvicapra grimmia 64
Syncerus caffer 84
Tadarida aegyptiaca 208
Taphozous mauritianus 208
Tatera leucogaster 214
Thallomys paedulcus 213
Thick-tailed Bushbaby 198
Thryonomys swinderianus 178
Tierboskat 118
Tragelaphus angasii 24
Tragelaphus oryx 30
Tragelaphus scriptus 22
Tragelaphus spekei 26
Tragelaphus strepsiceros 28
Tree Squirrel 194
Tropiese Grysbok 58
Tsessebe 74
Vaalboskat 120
Vaalmol 211
Vaalribbok 48
Vervet Monkey 200
Vlakhaas 186
Vlaktekwagga 86
Vlakvark 92
Vlermuis 207-210
Bladneus-, Sundevall se 210
Dak-, Kaapse 209
Grot-, Schreibers se 209
Losstert-, Egiptiese 208
Losstert-, Klein 208
Piesang 209
Saalneus-, Geoffroy se 210
Spleetneus-, Egiptiese 210
Vrugte-, Egiptiese 207
Vrugte-, Gambiese Witkol-
207
Vrugte-, Wahlberg se 207
Witlyf 208
Vos, Bakoor- 136
Silwer- 138
Vulpes chama 138
Waaierstertgrondeekhoring 192
Wahlberg se Vrugtevlermuis
207
Wahlberg's Epauletted Fruit
Bat 207
Wangsakmuis 214
Warthog 92
Common 92
Water Mongoose 158
Waterbok 38
Waterbuck 38
Watermuishond 158
White Rhinoceros 102
White-tailed Gnu 80
White-tailed Mongoose 156
Wild Dog 130
African 130
Wildebees, Blou- 82
Swart- 80
Wildebeest, Black 80
Blue 82
Wildehond 130
Witkwasjakkals 132
Witkwasmuishond 150
Witlyfvlermuis 208
Witrenoster 102
Witstertmuishond 156
Woodland Dormouse 211
Xerus inaurus 192
Yellow Mongoose 150
Ystervark 182
Zebra, Burchell's 86
Zebra, Mountain 88, 90
Cape 88
Hartmann's 90
Zebra, Plains 86