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Dances with Devils. A Journalist’s Search for Truth

Dances with Devils. A Journalist’s Search for Truth

Behind the scenes of sensational news, reported with compassion, humour and occasional cynicism
Pauw, Jacques
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9781770073302
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Dances with Devils. A Journalist’s Search for Truth

Author: Jacques Pauw
Publisher: Zebra Press
Cape Town, 2006
ISBN: 9781770073302
Hard cover, 15x23 cm, 400 pages, several colour photos


Description:

For more than a decade, Jacques Pauw has traversed his native continent in pursuit of warlords and drug traffickers, child soldiers and charlatans, adventure and anarchy.

What he found was a rich array of personalities and panoply of stories, ranging from the profoundly tragic to the intensely personal.

Pauw’s stories range from South Africa to Rwanda, from Sierra Leone and the Sudan to Mozambique.

Readers are taken behind the scenes of sensational news reports with compassion, humour and occasional cynicism and emerge in the knowledge that, even if it’s true that there is nothing new out of Africa, the writer has found fresh ways to present time-honoured tales of love, life, misery and mortality.


About the Author:

Having cut his teeth on investigative journalism in print, Jacques Pauw moved into the electronic media in 1994.

A founder member of Vrye Weekblad, he lifted the veil on Vlakplaas and ‘dirty tricks’ funded and authorised by the apartheid government. He has published two books on the subject: In the Heart of the Whore and Into the Heart of Darkness.

Pauw has travelled the length and breadth of Africa to bring television viewers stories about conflict, corruption and human rights abuses.

Currently executive producer of the hard-hitting weekly television series Special Assignment, he has won numerous South African and international journalism awards, twice being named CNN’s African Journalist of the Year and also winning the Vodacom Journalist of the Year award.


Media Reviews:

Mercury (Garth Johnstone):
„Although a dark and depressing portrayal, I found this book „unputdownable“, the best passages being where Pauw gets into the psyche and the reasoning of his 'devils'.“


Contents:

PREFACE
ABBREVIATIONS
Rites of passage
Scratching the lion's testicle
Warm paper, wet ink
A senior citizen's madcap jihad
The basilica on the hill
A cockroach cannot give birth to a butterfly
When Satan wore a collar
The men that evil do
Hoodlums, hookers and hooligans
Welcome to Hotel Mapel
Pappy and Captain Cut-Hand
Profit of doom
A wife for the baas, tontonto for the native
Koekemoer, aka Stellianos
An African drug safari
A French kiss in paradise
A junky journey through junkie life
Marauding miscreants in blue
Manna from heaven
In the heart of Conrad's darkness
EPILOGUE
REFERENCES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX


Preface:

THOSE WHO FARED ON CONGO RIVER BOATS BEFORE ME DESCRIBED them as stinking, noisy, overheated, overcrowded African markets. In the space of twenty-four hours, the MS Tshopo went from being exactly that to a mute and crippled disaster in the making. None of the passengers had slept the night before. The boat-whores had been singularly luckless, makeshift hair salons had no clients and kiosk proprietors didn't even light their paraffin stoves.

The captain, drunk and witless, had steered the ungainly, overcrowded craft into an island and we had narrowly escaped death by drowning or being devoured by the monstrously big crocodiles that patrol the murky waters in search of prey. I was supposedly fulfilling a lifelong dream, inspired by Joseph Conrad's epic voyage more than a century earlier, when he wrote:

'Going up that river was like travelling back to the earliest beginnings of the world, when vegetation rioted on the earth and the big trees were kings.'

My bubble of illusion had been rudely burst. I wasn't even looking at the Congo River any longer. I drew the Stetson-style hat that I had bought in Kinshasa low over my eyes and fantasised about large platters of scrumptious food and bottles of chilled chardonnay. I hadn't eaten for three days, because I didn't dare utilise one of the two toxic pissoirs on board.

Sitting next to me was Jan de Klerk, my virtuous travel companion and cameraman extraordinaire. He put his hand on my shoulder, gave me a reassuring squeeze and said: 'Lighten up, broer. We'll make it.'

Together we had prevailed in African danger zones such as Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Algeria and Sudan, but this trip had me petrified. I didn't answer Jan. I knew he was really just trying to console himself. Then he said: 'You know what you should do?'

'What?'
'If we survive this, why don't you write a book?'

I didn't respond and I gave his suggestion not a moment's thought. Of course, we did survive, eventually limping into a lawless and isolated backwater called Bumba, where we were promptly arrested. We extricated ourselves from that predicament by stuffing greenbacks into a sleazy official's grimy paw until it hurt. Ten days later, we flew back to Johannesburg.

Five years earlier, in the West African country of Sierra Leone, I had interviewed rebel leader Foday Sankoh, one of the worst human beings that Africa ever spat out. I spent more than an hour trying to evoke some sense of responsibility or token of remorse from him for the brutal maiming and murder of thousands of women, men and children.

Afterwards, exhausted and frustrated, I slumped into a chair at a Lebanese restaurant on Freetown's beachfront. My local researcher and interpreter, Allieu Kamara, looked at me pensively, then said:

'You know what you did today?'
'What?' I asked dispiritedly.
'You danced with the devil.'
'What do you mean?'
'You danced with the devil,' he said. 'You took Foday for a leap and a hop around the dance floor. I watched you. You waltzed with him. You went backwards and forwards and left and right, but you kept dancing. That's how you managed to get so much out of him.'

When I asked Allieu where on earth he got this metaphor, he said his journalism lecturer had used it often. He told his students that as journalists they should be prepared to dance with anyone, including the devil. And if necessary, they must dance close and all night long.

'My teacher always said that doctors doctor, lawyers do law, teachers teach and auditors audit. But journalists? They dance.'

Allieu's teacher was either an avid ballroom dancer or an astute philosopher, but either way, the image stayed with me, because it's true. As journalists, we dance. In the endless quest for The Story, I've cavorted and gambolled and jived and quickstepped with riff-raff and rabble that I would not normally give the time of day.

With Dirk Coetzee, I shared a slow and intimate shuffle. I led and he followed as we made our way through many a night and into the next day. With Ferdi Barnard, I did a hot and steamy tango, edging him ever closer to a gaping void. With many I whirled around in a crafty two-step, guiding them towards the confessional while making them believe we were actually dancing to the same tune.

Fifteen months after my pas de deux with death on the Congo, my girlfriend Sam left me (fortunately, only temporarily) and I plunged into a therapeutic bout of writing. Television, unrivalled in its power and influence, is an exceptionally shallow and trivial medium.

I've sometimes spent a month in a faraway location or hunted down a villain or ruffian for weeks in order to claim thirty or sixty minutes of a viewer's time and attention. That is the nature of television documentaries and current affairs programmes, but no matter how visually evocative they are, they don't reveal what happens behind the scenes or what I've smelt or felt or endured on the journey into people's living rooms.

Most of the stories in this book are the untold anecdotes, epics and narratives that lie behind my years as a television journalist. This is not an autobiography in the style or grandeur of Max du Preez's Pale Native or Aidan Hartley's The Zanzibar Chest, but rather a collection of events and encounters with extraordinary people in places where 'ordinary' people generally don't go.

The journey stretches from the last, dark days of apartheid and its aberrations to the apocalyptic events in several African states around and since the dawn of the new millennium. Juxta-posed between these cataclysmic developments are what I call the whores, hoods and hooligans - gangsters and their molls, con men and their rackets, opiates and their slaves. There are also tales of inyangas (black witches) concocting muti from human flesh and innocent girls being trafficked into prostitution.

In addition to Jan, who first came up with the idea, and Allieu, who unwittingly provided the title, far too many people have in some way contributed to this book to name here. Among them are outstanding editors, distinguished colleagues and supportive friends, to say nothing of a host of remarkable people, from near and far and both good and bad, that I've been privileged to meet and spend time with and who, sometimes, became the subject of my stories.

Some have been friends and colleagues for a very long time and I can only laud their support and understanding. Some have had a remarkable influence on my career, while others have stood by me through turbulent times. Only some are identified on the pages that follow, but all their names are engraved on my heart. A special mention is due to Sam for so much love and understanding, especially during my long periods of absence while writing this book.

A brilliant team at Zebra Press stands behind Dances with Devils. A special word of appreciation to Marlene Fryer, Robert Plummer and, above all, Marlene Burger. I came to know Marlene a long time ago as a resolute journalist; now she's proven herself an outstanding editor as well.

This is not necessarily a collection of my best stories, merely those that have remained glued to my mind. In each and every one there is something or someone I will remember for the rest of my life. In twenty years of finding and exposing the very worst that humanity has to offer, I have seen and touched and encountered things that no education can prepare one for. Quite recently, a colleague wrote of me:

'If it is indeed the case that a journalist's hands are dirty, those of Jacques Pauw must be filthy. In fact, I suspect his whole body is covered in a layer of grime, having spent so much time in the sewers of society.'

Thankfully, though not nearly often enough, I have also found purity and goodness and hope and caring along the way. Many times, fox-trotting and doing the hustle with despicable human beings knotted my guts and forced puke to my throat. But in the end, I took their hands and we danced.


Abbreviations:

ALIR: Army for the Liberation of Rwanda
ANC: African National Congress
AWB: Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (Afrikaner Resistance Movement)
BBC: British Broadcasting Corporation
CCB: Civil Cooperation Bureau
CIA: Central Intelligence Agency
CNN: Cable News Network
DCC: Directorate of Covert Collection
DEA: Drug Enforcement Administration
DOP: director of photography
DRC: Democratic Republic of Congo
FAR: Armed Forces of Rwanda
FRELIMO: Mozambican Liberation Front
ICTR: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
Idasa: Institute for a Democratic Alternative for South Africa
Medunsa: Medical University of South Africa
MRND: National Revolutionary Movement for Development
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NG Kerk: Dutch Reformed Church
N1: National Intelligence
PAC: Pan Africanist Congress
Pebco: Port Elizabeth Black Civic Organisation
PFP: Progressive Federal Party
RENAMO; Mozambican National Resistance
RPF: Rwandan Patriotic Front
RPG: rocket-propelled grenade
RUF: Revolutionary United Front
SAA: South African Airways
SABC: South African Broadcasting Corporation
SADF: South African Defence Force
SAP: South African Police
SPLA: Sudan People's Liberation Army
TRC: Truth and Reconciliation Commission
UN: United Nations
UNAMIR: United Nations Mission to Rwanda
UNHCR: UN High Commission for Refugees
Wits: University of the Witwatersrand


Index:

Abayomi, Abiola 224-5
Abbott, Jimmy 153,156,171
Ackermann, Anton 144,
176-8
African Rights 68,110, 111,
114,117
African Union 198
Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB)
10-11,55,63
Ahaneku, Chinny 332,
333-4,340-44
Ahtisaari, Marti 179
Akazu 72
al-Bashir, President Omar
Hassan 184, 185,
186,196
Albright, Madeleine 201,
212,213
Algeria 177,207-8
Al-Qaeda 196
Americo, Noemia 263-4,266
Amin,Idi 68,186
Amnesty International 368
ANC 18,23,27,28,29-30,
31,32,33,34,39,40,41,
45,47,48,49,54, 55, 56,
57,58,63,64,126,128,
129,130,133,135,140,
145,165,179,287
Annan,Kofi 75,213
Anuku,Hank 338-9
Anyaechie, Jerry 327-8
apartheid 8,15-16,18,23,
28,29,32,35,40,43,
48,51,52,64,68,125,
126,135,136,139,
142,147-8,151,154,
158,174,179,264,321,
323,373
Apocalypse Now! 271
Arendt, Hannah 42, 124
Army Information Unit 26
AttilatheHun 145
Badenhorst, Amor 160-61,
172-3,174,176-7,
178-9
Badenhorst, Louis 224,231
Bagosora, Colonel Theoneste
72,95,115,186
Banya,Sama 215
Barnard, Ferdi 63,151,
153-5,158-9,160-69,
171, 172-80
Barnard, Piet 178
Barnard, Shania 172—3,
176,179
Basson, Wium 220, 225, 230,
232-4,235-6
Basson, Wouter 373
BBC 67,75,199
Beckford, Robert 235
Beeld 36, 50
Beeslaar, Warrant Officer
131-2
Beukes, Vivian 168-9
Bezuidenhout, Ronald
48-50
Bikindi, Simon 88
bin Laden, Osama 196
Bishop ofShyogwe, The 123,
124
Bizimungu, General Augustine
95-6,115,116
Bizimungu, Dr Casimir 112
Blair,Tony 198
Bloodshed, Colonel 199,204
Bockarie, General Sam
'Mosquito' 199,200,
201,203,204,205,213,
214,216,217
Bokassa.Jean 186
Bol, General Kerubino
186-8,190,196,197
Bolhuis,Mike 254-5,258
Bongumba, Dieudonne 350
Booysens Raiding Squad
322-3,325-8
Bosigo, Jeff 48
Botes, Pieter 44-7, 136,138
Botha, CaUa 159,172,175,
179
Botha, Koos 7
Botha, Pik 23,180
Botha, PW 16,23,24,
148,158
Boutros-Ghali, Boutros 96
Bradlow, Adil 198, 208, 211,
212,214
Briggs, Larry Morgan 340
Brits, Duiwel 38
Burger, Colonel Daniel
'Staal' 159
Burger, Die 50
Bush, George senior 357
Bush, George W 197
Bushnell, Prudence 95
Carnage, Corporal 199, 204
Carter, Kevin 84-5
Casselton, Peter 37-8,141-2,
143,145
Children's Act 12,13
Chiluba, President Frederick
219
Chissano, President Joaquim
301
Christen Vryheidsfront
(Christian Freedom
Front) 53
Christian National
Education 7, 237
Christian Science Monitor 36
Christopher, Warren 95
Church of All Nations see
Joshua, TB
Church of the Creator 53,57
CIA 125,356-7
Cilliers, Willie 15-16
Civil Cooperation Bureau
(CCB) 44,45-6,51,52,
63,148,154,158-9,161,
162,163,179
Claassen, Maxie 224,
229-31,235
Clase.Piet 12,15
Clinton, President Bill 86,
197-8,201,204
CNN 200,212,374
Coetzee, Ben 33
Coetzee, Calla 34
Coetzee,Dirk 17-20,24,
27-34,35-7,40,41-4,
47-8,49,50-51,52,64,
128,129,140,150-51
Coetzee, Dirkie 34
Coetzee, Faan 177
Coetzee, Justice Gert 158
Coetzee, Johan 17
Coetzee, Karin 37-8,42
Coetzee, Koos 22-3,24,33,
34,35, 57
Cohen, Leonard 238,239
Congo see Democratic
Republic of Congo
Conrad, Joseph 345,346,
361,364
Heart of Darkness 345,346
Conservative Party 7
Constitutional Court 45,63
Conway, Jimmy 155
Coppola, Francis Ford
271-2
CradockFour 16
Crane, David 216-17
Crime Intelligence Unit 265
Criminal Bureau 169-70
Criminal Investigation
Division 17 '.
Cronje, Brigadier Jac 134,
137,138
Curiewis, Justice DJ 61-2
Cut-Hand, Captain (Sherief
Koroma) 199,204,
206-7,208-10,213
Daisy 35,36
Dallaire, General Romeo 73,
74,79,83,85-6,94
Death of a Gangster 155
Dede,0thman 287,288
DeKlerk,FW 19,23,25,26,
40,50,51-2,53,54, 57,
63,67,148-9
De Klerk, Jan 181-2,185,186,
187,188,190-92,194-7,
279-81,283,294,296,
304,320,325-6,337,342,
343,345-7,349,353-5,
359,360,362,363,364-5,
366,367,369,370-71,
373,374,375
De Klerk, Marike 25-6
De Klerk, Willem 19,21
De Kock, Eugene 33^1,35,
36,37-8,41,47-8,49,
50-51,52,63,126,128-9,
131,134,140-50,154,
163,174,176,178,264
De Kock,Vossie 142,144,145
Delmas Treason Trial 16
Delport,Vuilpiet 267,269
Democratic Republic of
Congo 113,116,117,
120,123,192,198,
345-69
de Saint-Exupery, Antoine
194
de Spinola, Antonio 298
DeVito, Tommy 155
Dhlakama, Afonso 301
Directorate of Covert
Collection (DCC) 158
D'Oliveira, Attorney-General
Jan 132
Doom, Colonel 199,204
Drug Enforcement
Administration (DEA)
265
Du Plessis, Johannes 176
Du Plessis, Koos 3
Du Preez, Marsha 227
Du Preez, Max 6,21,22-34,
35,37-40,46-7,50,52,
54,55,63,64,83-4,117,
122,126,127,133,136,
174,177,182,374
Pale Native 6,22
Oranje Blanje Blues 21
Dutch Reformed Church 9,
15,16,136,152,219
Du Toit, Magistrate LS 13,15
East Rand Dog Unit 319
Eduardo Mondlane
University 45
Eichmann, Adolf 42, 124
Els, Judge Johan 178
Engelbrecht, General
Krappies 37,50-51
Erasmus, Lieutenant Rassie
174
Esperant, Laurent 360,365,
366,369
Faku, Pearl 149
FAR (Forces Armees
Rwandaises) 70,71,
76-7,80,82,113,116
Felix, Fund; 113,116-17
Felner, Carlos 272-4,278,
294-304,305-17
Felner, Dadinha 17Z-A, 278,
294-7,299-304,306-17
Felner, Katia 274,299, 300,
302-3,307,309,312
Felner, Yara 299,300,302-3,
307,309,315
First, Ruth 33,35
Fischer, Bram 6,146
Francis, Mark 163-4,177,
178
Frankl, Dr Viktor 133
FRELIMO 269,275,281,
298-9
Friedman, Maggie 162
gacaca system 102
Gacumbitsi, Mayor Sylvestre
96-7,100,102
Gaddafi, Muammar 203
Galela, Champion 125-6,132
Galela,Rita 126,127,132
Garang, Colonel John 183,
185,186
Gatarayiha, Gratien 115-16,
122
Geldenhuys, Cloete 232-4,
235
Genocide Convention 95
Geringer, Fransie 21
Gobodo-Madikizela, Pumla
149-50
A Human Being Died
That Night 150
Godefroid, Mugara 111,
113-18,119,122
Godolozi, Nqabakazi 125,
126,127,132
Godolozi, Qwaqwahuli
125-6,132
Goebbels, Joseph 72
Goodfellas 151,152, 155,
160,164,175
Goosen, Come 152-8,
160,162,163,164,
165-72,177
Goosen, Come junior 171
Goosen, Debbie 152,154,
160,171,172
Goosen, Johan 168-9,177
Goosen, Mike 157,166,
171,172
Gordin, Jeremy 34
Gordon, Peaches 159
Gourevitch, Philip 65,67,85
We Wish to Inform You
that Tomorrow We Will
Be Killed with Our
Families 67
Group Areas Act 6
Guardian (London) 36, 188
Habimana, Paul 117
Habyarimana, Madame
Agathe 75
Habyarimana, President
Juvenal 67,69,73,
75,87,88,90,91,93,
94,108
Harber.Anton 374
Harden, Blaine 184,189,
346,347,364
Africa: Dispatches from
a Fragile Continent
184,346
Harms, Justice Louis 51-2
Harms Commission 51,148
Harris, Carol-Anne 177
Hartley, Aidan 67,78,181,
189
The Zanzibar Chest 67,
189
Harvard University 375
Hashe, Nothembile 126,
127,132
Hashe, Sipho 125-6,131-2
Hategekimana, Celestin
105-6,109,110,117,
121-2
Hechter, Captain Jacques
128,134-6,137,
138,139
Henning,Piet 13-14
Heyns, Barney 157
Heyns, Ralph 153-8,169,
170,171, 172
Hill, Henry 152, 155,160,
164,175
Himmler, Heinrich 72
Hitler, Adolf 72,95
Hiabangane, Gloria 139
Hochschild, Adam 364
King Leopold's Ghost 364
Holocaust 95
Huisgenoot 21-2,33,63
Human Rights Watch 95
Hutu Power 69, 72, 73, 80,
83,102,113,121
Independent (London) 36
Info Scandal 8
Inkatha Freedom Party 63,
67,163
Institute for a Democratic
Alternative for South
Africa (Idasa) 31
Institute for Security Studies
(ISS) 275
Internal Stability Unit 161
International Criminal
Tribunal for Rwanda
(ICTR) 102,106-7,
108,110,114-15,119,
122,123-4
Irish Republican Army 57
Itoe, Judge Benjamin 216
Izibagiza, Valentina 96-8,103
Jackson, Reverend Jesse 201,
204,215
John Paul II, Pope 360
Johnson, Crunchy 177
Joshua, TB 219-20,221-37
Joubert, Advocate Johan 168
Joubert, Pearlie 57, 58-9
Journey of Faith 236
Kabbah, President Ahmed
Tejan 204,213,216
Kabila, Joseph 348, 350, 366
Kabila, Laurent 348
Kabuga, Felicien 72,115,117
Kagame, General Paul 76,80,
111,120
Kalino, Eugene de Kock 142-3
Kalino, Lukas 142-3
Kamara, Allieu 208,209
Kambanda, Prime Minister
Jean 94,95,111,115
Kangura 87,88
Kapuscihski, Ryszard 183,
193
The Shadow of the Sun 183
Karamba, Lieutenant Tony
65,71,75-6,84,98,111
Karamera, Edouard 106,121
Kargbo, Issatu 213
Karuhije, Frodouald 109
Kasango,Jean 350-51,352
Kashimawu, Chudi 340—41
Kawamura, Sheila 75—6
Keane,Fergal 67,103
Kibombo, Freddy 352-4,
358,360,365
Kierkegaard, Seren 376
Kizito, Sister Julienne 107
Klopper, Chappies 264-5
Koekemoer, Johannes see
Stellianos, Alex
Koevoet 142-3,144,145
Kondile, Charity 151
Kondile, Sizwe 151
Koroma, Sherief (Captain
Cut-Hand) 199,204,
206-7,208-10,213
Kruger,Flip 170
Kruger,Ruben 220
Landbou Weekblad 25
Landman, Colonel Charlie
167
Language, Maryna 176
Lazaro, Amelia 249-50,256-8
Le Grange, Louis 33
Leipoldt, C Louis 134
Lekota, Mosiuoa ('Terror')
16,41,55
Leopold II, King 363-4
Lewinsky, Monica 86
Liberation Army of Rwanda
(ALIR) 113,116,123
Liberia 192,198,203,214,
216-17,374-6
Lombard, Anna-Maria
239-42,253,255,
267-9,305-7,309,311
Lome Peace Accord 201,
212,214,215
Letter, Dawie 157,160,
169,172
Lubisi, Joshia (aka Mazet)
244-51,252,253-8
Lubowski, Anton 27—8,46,
163,167,175, 179
Lumumba, Patrice 356-7
Lunch Bar Brigade 56
Maake, Jackson 134-5
Machar,Riek 196
Machel, Samora 248,273,
298-9
Mad, Captain 206,209-10
Mafia 24,40
Mahidi,Japie 321-2,324,
326,327-8
Mailer, Norman 1
Majozi, Michael 326-7
Makoi, Daniel 191,193,194
Makupe, Andrew 134-5
Malan, Magnus 23,148
Malan,Wynand 19
Mamaselajoe 127-33,
134-6,137,139,140
Mandela, Nelson 23,40,58,
67,68,126,201,212,
219,333
Mao Tse-tung 248
Maponya, Japie 145
Maree, Chappies 175
Maritz, Adriaan 56-8
Maritz, Karen 58
Martin, Henry 56-8
Masebe,Levi 240-^2
Mbeki,Thabo 16
McCarthy, Leonard 319
Medecins Sans Frontieres
82,182,213
Medical University of
South Africa (Medunsa)
240,241
Melvern, Linda 74
Mengele, Joseph 28
Menghistu, Mariam 186
Mentz, Captain Wouter 150
Meyer.Roelf 180
Military Intelligence 148,
161,164-5
Milne, Brenda 176
Milosevic, Slobodan 198
Mitterand, Francois 75
Miambo, Mandia 220-22,
225,229,231,234-5,320
Miangeni, Bheki 47-8,50
Miangeni, Sepathi 48
Mobuto Sese Seko 346, 348,
355-8,364
Mohammed, Murtala 337
Molefe.Phil 373
Molefe, Popo 16
Mommo, Father Theo 207
Mosquito, General (Sam
Bockarie) 199,200,
201,203,204,205,
213,214,216,217
Motasi, Irene 139
Motasi, Richard 139
Motasi, Tshidiso 139-40
Mozambique
drugs 269-70,271-83,
293-304,305-8,309-17
human trafficking 243-58,
259-64
Mpoko,Bene 349,350,366
MRND 87,88
Mtimkulu, Siphiwo 19, 33
Mugabo, Professor Pierre
111-12
Mugesera, Professor Leon 88
Mukakabanda, Ephiphanie
98
Mukangango, Sister
Gertrude 107
Mukasafari, Tharcisse 112
Mukunzi, Catherina 104
Mukunzi, Figere 104
Mukunzi, Fulgence 104,109,
110,120
Mulder, Connie 8
Muna, Bernard 114
Munyeshyaka, Father
Wenceslas 107
Musabyimana, Bishop Samuel
104-6,108,109-10,
114-19,120-24,318
Musanganire, Felicitee 111,
112
Mutombo, Michael 345, 349,
352,354,355,358-9,
360,362,363,364, 367,
370-71
Mxenge, Dr Churchill
150-51
Mxenge, Griffiths 19,28,31,
51,128,129,150-51
Naidoo, Perumal 321
Namibia 26-7
Narcotics Bureau 158,162,
264-5
National Intelligence Agency
39,56,123
National Party I, 12, 15,
19,24,25,32,36,136,
147,148
National Prosecuting
Authority 171
NATO 198
Naude, Beyers 15,133,146
Nazim, Dr Edward 209,212
Nazis 28,42, 95, 133, 148
Ndizihiwe, Lingo 104—5,
109,110,120
Neethling, Lothar 28
Nel,Deon 165-9,170,171
Nel, Fanie 166,169
Nel,Gerrie 119
Nel,Marius 165-9,170,171
New York Times 36
Ngcuka, Bulelani 123
Ngeze.Hassan 87
Ngirinshuti, Pastor Athanase
104,105,106,110,117,
120-22
NGKerk see Dutch
Reformed Church
Ngqulunga, Brain 51,128
Nieuwoudt, Gideon 131
Nigeria
religion 218-37
film industry 332^.4 i
Nimeiri, Colonel Jaafar 183
Niyitigeka, Elizier 105,
106,121
, Nkuna, Etelvinah 249-50,
256-8
Nofemela, Constable Butana
Almond 30-31,32
Nollywood 219,332^14
Nsabimana, Elizaphan
87-90,93,94,96,
98-101,102
Nsabimana, Enose 87-90,
91-4,96,97-102
Nsengiyumva, Archbishop
Vincent 108
Nshamihigo, Archbishop
Augustin 108
Nunes,Magda 11,13,15
Nwadike, Ralph 335-8,
339-40,342
Nyarubuye, massacre at
65-7,84-6,96-8,100,
101,102-3
Nyerere, Julius 248,287
Nyilinkwayo, Frederic 93-4,
98
Nyirahakizimana, Major
Anne-Marie 110
Obasanjo, President
Olusegun 217,337
Oberholzer, Ivan 68,69,
71-2,81-2,83
Official Secrets Act 27
Okyeokwu, Justin 324-7,328
Oladele, Sande 265
Olivier, Linmarie 224,225-6,
230,231
Olomo, Mrs Olaitan 219
Omaar, Rakiya 114,117,121
Omar, Dullah 159,178-9
Omar,Farieda 179-80
Onatra 350-51
Oosthuizen, Veronica 224
Operation Lifeline Sudan
184,190
Operation No Living Thing
199-200,206
Opperman, lan 308
Opperman, Dr Jacobus 224,
228,229
Orde Boerevolk 56-7
Organised Crime Unit 174
PAC 18,27,167
Pappy, Chairman (Foday
Sankoh) 186,199,
200-205,207,210-17,
339
Paratus 7-8
pass laws 5
Pauw, Jacques
youth and education 3,
5-7
national service 6, 7-8,
26-7
early exposes 1-20
and Vrye Weekblad 21-34,
35-52,53-64
and apartheid assassins
17-20,28-34,35-52,
125-151
and Ferdi Barnard gang
152-80
and Rwanda 64, 65-86,
87-103,104-24,
189,347
in Algeria 177,207-8
in Sudan 181-98
in Sierra Leone 198,
199-217
and Prophet TB Joshua
in Nigeria 218-37
and body parts trade
238-42
and human trafficking
243-58,259-64,267-9
and drug trade 269-70,
271-92,293-304,
305-17,318-19,
324-5,327
and corrupt police 318-28
and Nollywood 332-44
in DRC 345-69
journalism awards 372-4
Dances with Devils
PE Black Civic Organisation
(Pebco) 125
Pebco Three 16,125-7,
131-2
Pelser.Henk 156
Pelser, Jannie 220-21,223-4,
227,230,232,233,236
Philbert, Major 71
Physicians for Human Rights
205
Pinochet, General Augusto
148
Pitchford, Jessica 321
Plante, Major Jean-Guy 79
Platter, John 287
Pol Pot 72, 75
Press Council 12
Prime Evil 126,129,130,
141,143,145-6,151
Progressive Federal Party
(PFP) 7,16,19
Pulitzer Prize 84-5
Radio des Milles Collines
75,80,88,90,94, 99
Radio Rwanda 80,90,94,108
Rapport 4,8-9,10,12,13,
15,19,21,23,36,50
Raturamaruga, Augustine
88-90,92,94,99-101
Raturamaruga, Rose 88-9
Reagan, Ronald 357
Red Cross 78
Rekeraho, Emmanuel 107
RENAMO 49,269,280,
299,301
Reuters 189
Revolutionary United Front
(RUF) 199,200,201,
202,203-4,206-7,209,
210-11,213-15,216,217
Ribeiro, Dr Fabian 47
Ribeiro, Florence 47
Riley, Eugene 161-2,163-5,
175,177
Rindel,John 222-3,225,
229,234,236
Rivonia Trial 6
Robbertze, Professor Jan 138
Robinson, Mary 213
Rosenberg, Tina 43
Ruhumuliza, Bishop
Jonathan 108
Rwakayigamba, Ferdinand
102
Rwanda 64,65-86,87-103,
104-24,148,189,197-8,
200,347,348, 352
Rwandan Patriotic Front
(RPF) 65,69,70-71,
73,75-6,80,88, 90, 93,
94,98,99,100-101,102,
106,107,108,109,112
SABC 26,36,64,68, 126,
144,146,182,229, 241,
251,349
Sachs,Albie 44-5
Saidi,0ggi 354-71
Salifu,Mary 227
Sands, Bobby 57
Sankoh, Foday (Chairman
Pappy) 186,199,
200-205,207,
210-17,339
Satriani,Joe 172
Saunders, Dudley 220-22,
225-6,231,234-5,
305-6,307, 327
Schoon, Brigadier 31
Schoon, Jeanette 33,35
Schoon, Katryn 33,35
Scorpions 119,122-3,171,
318-19,374
Scorsese, Martin 155
Sefola, Harold 134-5
Selebi, Jackie 321
September, Dulcie 64
Seromba, Father Athanase
107-8
Sessay, Lansana 200,213-14,
215
Sharpeville massacre 136
Sheppard, Robert 224,231
Shimene, Lucrencia 262-3
Siebane, Alpheus 238-55,
258,259,260,264
Sierra Leone 192,198,
199-217,339
Sindikubwabo, President
Theodore 94,111-12
Sirleaf, President Ellen
Johnson 217,375
Slabbert, Frederik van Zyl 7,
18,40
Smit,Debbie 157
Smith, Nico 15
South African Communist
Party 23, 56
South African Defence Force
6,7,26-7,44,46,47,
49-50,158
South African Police 35,
36,167
South African Police Service
320
South African Students
Movement 129
Soweto Uprising 6, 129
Soyinka, Wole 87
Spaarwater, Maritz 39
Sparks, Allister 63,177
Special Assignment 182,225,
241,243,249,253,258,
267,310,312,318-19,
321,374
Special Court for Sierra
Leone 216-17
Special Forces 44,46,47
Special Report on the Truth
Commission 126,127
Stanley, Henry Morton 363,
370
Star, The 63,146
Starke, Aubrey 230,231-2
Starke, Muller 224,229,
231-2,236
state of emergency 16
Stellianos, Alex 259-70,
271-86,288-92,
293-6,309-10,
311-12,314-15,
316-17,318-19,321,
323,325-6,328-31
St Petersburg Times 84
Strauss, Sergeant Johan 170
Sudan 84,181-98
Sudan People's Liberation
Army(SPLA) 181,
183-4,185-7,188, 190,
191,192,193,194,195,
196,197
Sunday Star 63,162
Sunday Times 37,238
Synagogue, Church of All
Nations see Joshua, TB
SWAPO 6, 7-8,26-7, 142,
144,145,163,179
Tambwe, Jolly 327-8
Tanzania, drug trade 284-92
Tarei,Farook 208
Tayler, Jeffrey 346
Facing the Congo 346
Taylor, Charles 186,203,
204-5,213,214,215,
216,217,339,375,376
Terre'Blanche, Eugene 10-11
Theron, Charlize 335
Thompson, Hunter S 259,
318,372
Thornycroft, Peta 177
Timbuka, George 286—7
Time magazine 104
Trainspotting 293, 305,
317,374
Traut, Hennie 221,224,228,
229-30,231
Traut, Moira 221,224,
229-30
Truth and Reconciliation
Commission (TRC) 19,
41,48,125-6,128,130,
132,134,136,137,139,
141,146,147, 148-9,
151,179-80
Tshikalanga, David
'Spyker' 31
Tutu, Archbishop Desmond
86,125,133, 159
Twain, Mark 180
Ubong,Mark 188,189-91,
194
Ugo, Emmanuel 337
Umkhonto we Sizwe
45,130
UN High Commission for
Refugees (UNHCR)
81,82
UN Protocol on Trafficking
in Persons 243
United Democratic Front
23,41
United Nations 26,73,
74-5,79,83,85,94,
95,96,100,110,112,
114-15,123,179,181,
182,184,185,194,198,
204,213,214-15,216-17,
243,262,273-4,299,
301,303,348,351
United Nations Development
Programme 205
United Nations Mission to
Rwanda (UNAMIR)
73,74,78-9,86
University of Cape Town 12
University of Pretoria 7
University of the Western
Cape 112
University of the
Witwatersrand 374
Uwilingiyimana, Prime
Minister Agathe 73-4
Van Aswegen, Jan 1-2,4—5,
8,9,11-15
Van der Westhuyzen, Jaco
220
Van Rensburg, Siener 165
Van Schalkwyk, Lood 52,
53-4,56-63
Van Tender, Dominee 153
Van Vuuren, Cathryn 137
Van Vuuren, Sergeant Paul
133-tO
Van Zyl, Lieutenant 'Slang'
159
Venter, Roelf 61
Vermeulen, John 166
Vermeulen, Snor 38
Verster,Joe 44,46,175,179
Vlakplaas 18-19,27-8,31-2,
33,35-41,44,47,49-51,
52,126,128,129,141,
143-t,146,148-9,154,
158-9,163,264
Vlok, Adriaan 23,148
Voltaire 35
Vorsterjohn 8,136
Vosloo, Stefan 230
Vrye Weekblad 21-7,29,
33^,35-7,39,40,41,
47,50,51,52,54,58,
61-2,63,64,126,146
Vukutu, Pretty 239, 242
Washington Post 184,200,
346
Weber, Ruby 308,309
Webster, David 44,46,63,
159-60,161-2,163,
167,175,176,177-8
Weekly Mail 30-31,63,
146,374
Welz, Martin 8-9,11,12,
17-19,23-4
Wilken. Julie 162,163-5,173
Wilken, Victor 224,229-30
Williamson, Major Craig
33,35
Yuang, Mac Anyang 181-2,
186,187,188,190-91,193
Zaaiman, Andre 31-2,34,40
Zuma, Jacob 32
Zwelethini, King Goodwill
219
Zwelethini, Princess Sibusiso