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Photo Guide to Trees of Southern Africa

Photo Guide to Trees of Southern Africa

An invaluable identification and reference guide to 300 of the more common tree species in Southern Africa
22121
978-1-920217-04-4
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Photo Guide to Trees of Southern Africa

Authors: Braam van Wyk, Piet van Wyk, Ben-Erik van Wyk
Briza Publications
2nd edition, Pretoria 2008
ISBN: 978-1-920217-04-4
Soft cover, 17x24 cm, 360 pages, 900 photographs, distribution maps

Photo Guide to Trees of Southern Africa Die Bäume des südlichen Afrika, beschrieben in einem sehr schönen naturkundlichen Führer der neuen Generation und angepaßt an die veränderten Anforderungen seiner Leser und Nutzer.


Description:

Photo Guide to Trees of Southern Africa is an invaluable identification and reference guide to 300 of the more common tree species in the region, both native and naturalised.

Southern Africa has a remarkably rich tree diversity; and these imposing plants dominate various vegetation types, providing shelter and food for a myriad organisms, as well as being of immense practical value to people.

Although no two trees are identical in shape, most species can readily be recognised by subtle differences in branching pattern and foliage features.

Canopy outline often provides the first clue to the identification of a tree.

Photo Guide to Trees of Southern Africa is an invaluable identification and reference guide to 300 of the more common tree species in the region, both native and naturalised.

A principal aim of the book is to illustrate the characteristic growth form of the various species, thus facilitating their recognition in the field. Features of this fully revised second edition include:

• Authoritative descriptive accounts highlighting the most important field identification characters

• More than 920 excellent full-colour photographs illustrating in particular the growth form, but also the flowers, fruit and bark of the various species

• Up-to-date distribution maps showing the range of each species in southern Africa

• Habitat preference of each species

• Uses by man, such as for food, beverage, medicine, poison, tans, dyes, clothing, fibre, craftwork, construction material, fuel, as well as in horticulture

• Reference to similar and closely related species and how they can be distinguished

• A series of icons giving the reader certain information about a specific tree at a glance

• An innovative, easy-to-use identification guide to narrow down the possible species to which an unknown tree may belong

• Fully illustrated introductory chapters on biomes and trees; fruit trees; furniture and craftwork; firewood; medicinal and poisonous trees; trees and animals; architecture of trees; identifying trees.


About the authors:

Braam van Wyk is a professor of Botany at the University of Pretoria. He is an authority on the classification of southern African trees and has a special interest in plant geography.

The late Piet van Wyk was a biologist who worked for three decades as a researcher in the Kruger National Park. He authored several popular books on southern African trees.

Ben-Erik van Wyk is a professor of Botany at the Johannesburg University. He is an authority on systematic botany and indigenous plant use.


Contents:

Acknowledgements
Introduction
Biomes and the habitat of trees
Fruit trees
Furniture and craftwork from trees
Firewood trees
Medicinal and poisonous trees
Trees and animals
Architecture of trees
Identifying trees
Explanation of icons and codes
Species accounts
Guide to the species
Glossary
Further reading
Index


Introduction:

Trees have been an essential part of human existence and survival since the earliest time. They provide us with shelter, food and clothing, and supply timber, fibre, firewood, medicine, poison, tans and dyes. Apart from their practical value, they also inspire us with wonder and awe at their imposing architectures, enormous size and great age that some can reach.

It is therefore not surprising that trees play such an important part in legends and folklore. But trees are not only of immense value to man; they also occupy a special place in nature. Trees dominate various vegetation types, each providing a habitat for a myriad of organisms, including shelter and food for innumerable microbial and animal consumers of the associated ecosystem.

There is no unambiguous definition of what a tree really is-what appears to be a large shrub to some people may be considered a tree by others. Moreover, many trees may grow as shrubs, or pass through a shrubby phase as juveniles. Trees are usually single-stemmed and more than two metres tall, but multi-stemmed woody shrubs, large succulents and even climbers (vines) may be accepted as trees.

For the purposes of this book, we have made a selection of the most commonly encountered large trees, but have also included a few small ones with distinctive growth forms. Our main aim was to show the interesting and characteristic crown shapes and branching patterns of trees, with less focus on the detailed features of the leaves and flowers by which we would usually identify trees.

An estimated 2 100 tree species are indigenous to southern Africa, and a sizeable percentage of them is found only here and nowhere else. In addition, hundreds of species from other parts of the world are cultivated for ornamental and practical purposes.

Some are grown for their beauty or for shade, shelter, fodder or fuel, while others are used in commercial forestry to produce timber, poles and pulp for paper-making. More than 100 of these alien tree species have become naturalised in the region, where they now cause environmental degradation by invading and replacing natural vegetation.

Alien trees have become such an integral part of the natural scenery (think of poplars and weeping willows, for example), that some people are even unaware that they are not indigenous. Artificial, man-made environments have been created through the large plantations of pines (mainly Pinus patula) and eucalypts (mainly Eucalyptus grandis) in some parts of the subcontinent.

Southern Africa in this book is taken to include Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique south of the Zambezi River, South Africa, Swaziland and Lesotho. The book is intended as a visual guide to the identification of trees within the characteristic southern African landscape, of which they are an integral part.


Example:

Xylotheca kraussiana

african dogrose; afrikahondsroos

KlGGELARIACEAE

Main features:

• Shrub or small deciduous tree, often multistemmed; crown sparsely branched

• Leaves alternate, simple, elliptic, hairy or smooth; margin entire

• Flowers in axillary or terminal groups, large (up to 70 mm in diameter); petals ± 10, white; stamens numerous, anthers bright yellow (spring)

• Fruit a thick-walled capsule, ovoid, up to 40 mm long, with ± 8 longitudinal ridges, ripening to yellow and splitting open to reveal blackish seed, each covered by a bright red, hairy aril

Similar species: A rather featureless plant when sterile; easily identified when in flower or fruit. Flowers very similar to those of Oncoba spinosa, an often spiny shrub or small tree with the leaf margin ± toothed or scalloped. It has round, hard-shelled and indehiscent fruit.

Habitat: Bushveld, sand forest and coastal forest and bush.

Uses: The bright red arils of the seeds are edible. Root infusions or decoctions are used as love charm emetics. Despite its shapeless growth form, the plant makes an attractive garden ornamental and is very attractive when in full flower.

Tree number: RSA: 493


Index:

abiekwasgeelhout 304
Acacia abyssinica 39, 43
Acacia albida see Faidherbia albida
Acacia amythethophylla 227
Acacia ataxacantha 28, 29
Acacia burkei 37
Acacia caffra 28, 29
Acacia clavigera see Acacia robusta
Acacia cyclops 14, 35, 41
Acacia dealbata 34
Acacia decurrens 34
Acacia eriocarpa 28
Acacia erioloba 14, 18, 30
Acacia galpinii 31
Acacia gerrardii 32, 40
Acacia giraffae see Acacia erioloba
Acacia grandicornuta 40
Acacia haematoxylon 30
Acacia hereroensis 29
Acacia heteracantha see Acacia tortilis
Acacia karroo 14, 22, 33, 38, 283
Acacia litakunensis see Acacia tortilis
Acacia longifolia 35
Acacia luederitzii 44
Acacia luederitzii var. retinens 44
Acacia mearnsii 14, 34
Acacia melanoxylon 35
Acacia mellifera 36
Acacia mellifera subsp. detinens 36
Acacia mellifera subsp. mellifera 36
Acacia nigrescens 37
Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana 38
Acacia pallens see Acacia nigrescens
Acacia polyacantha 31, 43
Acacia pycnantha 41
Acacia rehmanniana 39, 43
Acacia robusta 32, 40
Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera 40
Acacia robusta subsp. robusta 40
Acacia robusta subsp. usambarensis 40
Acacia rostrata see Acacia Senegal
Acacia saligna 14, 41
Acacia Senegal 42
Acacia Senegal var. leiorhachis 42
Acacia Senegal var. rostrata 42
Acacia sieberiana 22, 39
Acacia sieberiana var. woodii 43
Acacia spp. 117, 147, 246
Acacia tortilis 22, 44
Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha 44
Acacia tortilis subsp. spirocarpa 44
Acacia xanthophloea 45
Adansonia digitata 10, 13, 46
Adina microcephala var. galpinii see
Breonadia salicina
african-almond 252
african dogrose 325
african-ebony 13, 119
african flametree 289
african holly 181
african mangosteen 10, 161
african olive 215
african-wattle 227
afrikageelmelkhout 161
afrikahondsroos 325
afrika-vlamboom 289
Afrocanthium gilfillanii 47
Afrocanthium mundianum 22, 47
Afrormosia angolensis see Pericopsis
angolensis
Afzelia quanzensis 13, 48
Albizia adianthifolia 22, 49
Albizia anthelmintica 50
Albizia fastigiata see Albizia
adianthifolia
Albizia gummifera 49
Albizia harveyi 29
Albizia mossambicensis see Albizia
versicolor
Albizia schimperiana 49
Albizia tang any icensis 27, 97
Albizia versicolor 13, 51
allepo-den 233
allepo pine 233
Allophylus spp. 284
Alnus glutinosa 47
Aloe bainesii see Aloe barberae
Aloe barberae 22, 52
Aloe dichotoma 22, 53
Aloe pillansii 53
Aloe ramosissima 53
Alsophila dregei see Cyathea dregei
amantungulu 10
anaboom 147
Anacardiaceae 174, 189, 190, 194, 219,
220, 251, 272, 277, 279, 280, 281,
282, 283, 284
Anacardium occidentale 312
Anastrabe integerrima 58
anatree 147
Androstachys johnsonii 54
Annona senegalensis 10, 254
anthill saffron 128
Anthocleista grandiflora 22, 55
Anthocleista liebrechtsiana 55
Anthocleista zambesiaca see
Anthocleista grandiflora
Antidesma membranaceum 56
Antidesma venosum 56, 73
Apiaceae 175, 291
apiesdoring 31
Apocynaceae 121, 221, 222, 264, 303,
321
Apodytes abbottii 57
Apodytes dimidiata 57, 181
Apodytes geldenhuysii 57
appelblaar 230
appleleaf 230
Aquifoliaceae 181
Araliaceae 109, 110, 111, 242, 271, 179,
180, 231, 263
asphodelaceae 52, 53
assegaai 108
assegai 108
assegaitree 108
Asteraceae 69, 213, 305
Avicennia marina 22, 58
Avicenniaceae 58
Azadirachta indica 209
azanza 10, 59
Azanza garckeana 59
baakhout169
Baikiaea plurijuga 12, 13, 60, 199
Balanitaceae 61
Balanites aegyptiaca 61
Balanites angolensis subsp.
welwitschii 61
Balanites maughamii 22, 61
Balanites pedicellaris 61
baobab 10, 13, 46
Barringtonia racemosa 62
Bauhinia spp. 232
Bauhinia thonningii see Piliostigma
thonningii
beacontree 169
beadbean 196
Bequartiodendron magalismontanum
see Englerophytum magalismontanum
ber 10
Berchemia discolor 11, 63, 64
Berchemia spp. 73
Berchemia zeyheri 11, 13, 63, 64
bergbrandnetel 210
berghardepeer 216
bergkaree 282
bergmahonie 133
bergsering 188
bergsipres 320
Bersama abyssinica 22, 65
Bersama abyssinica subsp.
engleriana 65
Bersama abyssinica subsp. nyassae 65
Bersama lucens 65
Bersama swinnyi 65
Bersama tysoniana 65
besembos 280
besemtrosvy 158
Bignoniaceae 182, 185, 289
big num-num 10
bird-plum 63
birds-eye 57
black ironbark 138
black locust 266
black mangrove 74
black monkey-orange 10, 297
black thorn 36
black wattle 14, 34
blackwood 35
bladdernut 120
blinkblaar-wag-'n-bietjie 327
bloekom 137
blompeer 122
bloodwood 258
bloublaar-kanniedood 95
bloubos 118
bloughwarrie 139
bloupendoring 172
blue guarri 139
blue gum 137
blue sourplum 10
blue sourplum 11
bluebush 118
blue-leaf corkwood 95
blueleaf guarri 139
Blutfruchtbaum 306
Bobgunnia madagascariensis see
Swartzia madagascariensis
boekenhout 13, 149
boesmanstee 82
Bolusanthus speciosus 66
bombacaceae 46
boomaalwyn 52
boraginaceae 125
Borassus aethiopum 180
Boscia albitrunca 67, 68
Boscia foetida subsp. foetida 68
Boscia foetida subsp. rehmanniana 68
Boscia oleoides 67
bosdoringklipels 78
boskoorsbessie 105
boskoorsboom 55
bosrooiessenhout 310
bostaaibos 279
bosvaderlandswilg 92
bosveld-kandelaarnaboom 143
bosveldkatjiepiering 163
bosveldrooiessenhout 311
bosveldsaffraan 128
bosveldwitysterhout 315
bosvlier 208
boswitsuikerbos 248
bosysterpruim 124
bottelboom 221
bottletree 221
Brachylaena discolor 69
Brachylaena huillensis 69
Brachylaena rotundata 69
Brachylaena transvaalensis 69
Brachylaena uniflora 69
Brachystegia boehmii 70, 183, 228
Brachystegia glaucescens 70
Brachystegia spiciformis 71, 183
brakdoring 40
brandybush 165
Brazilian pepper tree 272
breëblaarboekenhout 148
breëblaarkoraalboom 134
breonadia 72
Breonadia microcephala see
Breonadia salicina
Breonadia salicina 13, 72 264
Bridelia micrantha 13, 22, 73
Bridelia spp. 64
broadleaf beechwood 148
broadleaf boekenhout 148
broadleaf coraltree 134
broadleaf yellowwood 241
broom karee 280
broomcluster fig 158
brown-ironwood 178
brown-ivory 11, 63
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza 74, 265
bruinivoor 63
bruinysterhout 178
Buddleja auriculata 75
Buddleja saligna 75, 215
Buddleja salviifolia 75
buddlejaceae 75, 208
buffalo-thorn 327
burkea 76
Burkea africana 76
Burseraceae 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101
bushveld gardenia 163
bushveld natal-mahogany 311
bushveld saffron 128
bushveld white-ironwood 315
cabbagetree 111
Caesalpiniaceae 48, 60, 70, 71, 76, 79,
86, 102, 115, 116, 170, 183, 225, 227,
232, 274, 275, 286
Calodendrum capense 8, 77
camelfoot 232
camel thorn 14, 18, 30
camphor bush 305
camphortree 84
candelabra euphorbia 143
candlewood 260
Canellaceae 318
Canthium inerme 78
Canthium mundianum see Afrocanthium
mundianum
Canthium obovatum see Psydrax
obovata
Canthium suberosum 78
Canthium ventosum see Canthium
inerme
cape-ash 126
cape-beech 262
cape-chestnut 8, 77
cape holly 181
cape-teak 296
cape willow 269
Capparaceae 67, 68, 196
caprivi wooden-banana 133
Carissa macrocarpa 10
carrot-tree 291
cashew nut 312
Cassia abbreviata 79, 286
Cassia abbreviata subsp. abbreviata 79
Cassia abbreviata subsp. beareana 79
Cassia beareana see Cassia abbreviata
Cassia singueana see Senna singueana
Cassine aethiopica see Mystroxylon
aethiopicum
Cassine burkeana see Mystroxylon
aethiopicum
Cassine capensis see Cassine peragua
Cassine crocea 127
Cassine kraussiana see Cassine peragua
Cassine papillosa see Elaeodendron
croceum
Cassine peragua 80, 82
Cassine peragua subsp. affinis 80
Cassine peragua subsp. barbara 80
Cassine peragua subsp. peragua 80
Cassine schinoides 80
Cassine shaerophylla see Mystroxylon
, aethiopicum
Cassine transvaalensis see
Elaeodendron transvaalense
Casuarinaceae 81
Casuarina cunninghamiana 81
Casuarina equisetifolia 22, 81
caterpillarpod 218
Catha edulis 82
Celastraceae 80, 82, 127, 128, 171, 172,
206, 260
Celtidaceae 83, 309
Celtis africana 22, 83
Celtis gomphophylla 83
Celtis kraussiana see Celtis africana
Celtis sinensis 83
Celtis spp. 309
Ceriops tagal 265
chamfute 48
chamfuti 13
cheesewood 238
chinese-lanterns 117
Chionanthus peglerae 214
Chrysobalanaceae 224
churchyard cypress 107
Cinnamomum camphora 84
clanwilliam cedar 9, 13, 319
clanwilliamseder 319
Clerodendrum eriophyllum 85
Clerodendrum glabrum 85, 113
Clerodendrum rehmannii see
Clerodendrum glabrum
Clusiaceae 161
cluster pine 235
coast redmilkwood 201
coast silver-oak 69
coast strangler fig 155
Colophospermum mopane 9, 14, 19, 86
Combretaceae 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93,
94, 257, 306, 307, 308
Combretum adenogonium 148
Combretum apiculatum 14
Combretum apiculatum subsp.
apiculatum 87
Combretum apiculatum subsp.
leutweinii 87
Combretum caffrum 89
Combretum collinum subsp. gazense 88
Combretum collinum subsp.
suluense 88
Combretum erythrophyllum 89
Combretum gueinzii see
Combretum molle
Combretum hereroense 90
Combretum holosericeum see
Combretum molle
Combretum imberbe 14, 91
Combretum kraussii 92
Combretum mkuzense 94
Combretum molle 93, 229
Combretum nelsonii 87, 92
Combretum psidioides 93
Combretum suluense see Combretum
collinum subsp. suluense
Combretum transvaalense see
Combretum hereroense
Combretum velutinum see
Combretum molle
Combretum vendae 88
Combretum ivoodii 92
Combretum zeyheri 94, 229
Commiphora anacardiifolia 95
Commiphora angolensis 98
Commiphora crenatoserrata 187
Commiphora glandulosa 100
Commiphora glaucescens 95
Commiphora gracilifrondosa 280
Commiphora harveyi 96
Commiphora hereroensis see
Commiphora glaucescens
Commiphora karibensis 98
Commiphora marlothii 97
Commiphora merkeri see Commiphora
viminea
Commiphora mollis 98
Commiphora mossambicensis 99
Commiphora pyracanthoides 15,100
Commiphora spp. 15
Commiphora steynii 101
Commiphora tenuipetiolata 95
Commiphora viminea 101
Commiphora woodii 96
common corkwood 100
common guarri 142
common hookthorn 29
common kirkia 187
common mountain cypress 9
common parsleytree 175
common redmilkwood 10, 202
common resinbush 220
common saffron 127
common sugarbush 247
common wild fig 151
common wild-currant 284
confetti spikethorn 172
Conopharyngia elegans see
Tabernaemontana elegans
Copaifera coleosperma see Guibourtia
coleosperma
copperstem corkwood 96
coraltree 135
Cordyla africana 102
corkbark monkey-orange 295
corkbush 205
corky monkey-orange 10, 295
Crassula arborescens 245
Crassula ovata 245
Crocoxylon transvaalense see
Elaeodendron transvaalense
crossberry 168
Crossopteryx febrifuga 93
Croton gratissimus 22, 103
Croton gratissimus var. gratissimus 103
Croton gratissimus var. subgratissimus
103
Croton megalobotrys 104, 105
Croton menyhartii 103
Croton pseudopulchellus 103
Croton steenkampianus 103
Croton sylvaticus 22, 104, 105
Cryptocarya woodii 84
Cunonia capensis 106
cunoniaceae 106
Cupressaceae 107, 319, 320
Cupressus sempervirens forma
sempervirens 107, 320
curled caterpillarpod 218
Curtisiaceae 108
Curtisia dentata 108
Curtisia faginea see Curtisia dentata
Cussonia arborea 273
Cussonia arenicola 111
Cussonia natalensis 109
Cussonia nicholsonii 111
Cussonia paniculata 110
Cussonia paniculata subsp.
paniculata 110
Cussonia sphaerocephala 111
Cussonia spicata 111
Cussonia transvaalensis 110, 111
Cussonia umbellifera see Schefflera
umbellifera
Cussonia zuluensis 111
Cyathea capensis 112
Cyatheaceae 112
Cyathea dregei 20,112
Cyathea manniana 112
Cyathea thomsonii 112
Dais cotinifolia 113
Dalbergia armata 114
Dalbergia melanoxylon 13, 50,
114, 300
Dalbergiella nyassae 228
Delonix regia 22, 115, 182
desert apple 10
deurmekaarbos 125
Dialium engleranum 116
Dialium schlechteri 116
Dichrostachys cinerea 14, 117
Dichrostachys cinerea subsp.
africana 111
Dichrostachys cinerea subsp.
nyassana 117
dikbas 189
Diospyros dichrophylla 118
Diospyros ebenus 141
Diospyros lycioides 118
Diospyros lycioides subsp. guerkei 118
Diospyros lycioides subsp. lycoides 118
Diospyros lycioides subsp. nitens 118
Diospyros lycioides subsp. sericea 118
Diospyros mespiliformis 10, 13,119
Diospyros scabrida 120
Diospyros whyteana 120
Diplorhynchus condylocarpon 121, 253
Diplorhynchus mossambicensis see
Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
DlPTEROCARPACEAE 203
dogplum 126
Dombeya autumnalis 122
Dombeya rotundifolia 122
Dombeya rotundifolia var.
rotundifolia 122
Dombeya rotundifolia var. velutina 122
dopperkiaat 259
doppruim 223
Dovyalis caffra 10,123
Dovyalis longispina 123
driehaakdoring 42
Drypetes arguta 124
Drypetes gerrardii 22,124
Drypetes mossambicensis 124
Drypetes reticulata 124
dubbelkroonboom 183
duikerberry 253
ebbehoutghwarrie 141
Ebenaceae 118, 119, 120, 139, 140,
141, 142
ebony dalbergia 114
ebony guarri 15, 141
Ehretia alba 125
Ehretia rigida 22,125
Ehretia rigida subsp. nervifolia 125
Ehretia rigida subsp. rigida 125
Ehretia rigida subsp. sylvatica 125
Ekebergia capensis 126, 174
Ekebergia meyeri see Ekebergia
capensis
Ekebergia pterophylla 276
Elaeodendron croceum 127
Elaeodendron matabelicum 127
Elaeodendron transvaalense 128
Elaeodendron zeyheri 127
elsehout 47
Encephalartos altensteinii 129, 130
Encephalartos longifolius 129
Encephalartos paucidentatis 130
Encephalartos transvenosus 130
Englerophytum magalismontanum
22, 131
Englerophytum natalense 131
english oak 261
enkeldoring 40
Ensete edule see Ensete ventricosum
Ensete ventricosum 20,132
Entada abyssinica 29
Entandrophragma caudatum 13,133
Entandrophragma spicatum 133
Entandrophragma utile see
Entandrophragma caudatum
Erythophleum spp. 76
Erythrina abyssinica 134
Erythrina caffra 135
Erythrina decora 134
Erythrina humeana 135
Erythrina latissima 134
Erythrina lysistemon 135
Erythrophysa alata 209
essenhout 126
Eucalyptus camaldulensis 136
Eucalyptus cinerea 138
Eucalyptus globulus 22,137
Eucalyptus grandis 7, 136
Eucalyptus sideroxylon 138
Euclea coriacea 139
Euclea crispa 139
Euclea crispa var. crispa 139
Euclea crispa var. ovata 139
Euclea divinorum 140, 142
Euclea linearis 141
Euclea myrtina see Euclea undulata
Euclea natalensis 140
Euclea pseudebenus 15,141
Euclea undulata 142
Euphorbia confinalis 143
Euphorbia cooperi 143
Euphorbia cooperi var. calidicola 143
Euphorbia cooperi var. cooperi 143
Euphorbia curvirama 146
Euphorbia grandidens 146
Euphorbia ingens 144
Euphorbia tetragona 146
Euphorbia tirucalli 145
Euphorbia triangularis 146
Euphorbiaceae 54, 56, 103, 104, 105,
143, 144, 145, 146, 195, 273, 290
European alder 47
Fabaceae 66, 114, 134, 135, 199, 200,
205, 218, 228, 229, 230, 258, 259,
266, 300, 316, 322, 323
Fagaceae 261
Fagara capensis see Zanthoxylum
capense
Faidherbia albida 147
false-cabbagetree 271
false-gardenia 267
false-marula 190
Faurea delevoyi 149
Faurea galpinii 149
Faurea rochetiana 148
Faurea saligna 13,149
Faurea speciosa see Faurea rochetiana
fever tree 45
feverberry croton 104
fevertree thorn 45
Ficus abutilifolia 150
Ficus burkei 151, 155
Ficus capensis see Ficus sur
Ficus chirindensis 157
Ficus cordata 152, 156
Ficus cordata subsp. salicifolia see
Ficus salicifolia
Ficus craterostoma 151, 155
Ficus delagoensis see Ficus sansibarica
Ficus glumosa 150
Ficus gossweileri see Ficus sansibarica
Ficus hippopotami see Ficus trichopoda
Ficus ilicina 152
Ficus ingens 153,156
Ficus lutea 22, 154, 160
Ficus natalensis 151,155
Ficus natalensis subsp. graniticola 155
Ficus natalensis subsp. natalensis 155
Ficus petersii 151
Ficus pretoriae see Ficus salicifolia
Ficus salicifolia 152, 153, 156
Ficus sansibarica 157
Ficus soldanella see Ficus abutilifolia
Ficus spp. 15
Ficus sur 158 j
Ficus sycomorus 10,159
Ficus sycomorus subsp.
gnaphalocarpa 159
Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus 159
Ficus tettensis 150
Ficus thonningii see Ficus burkei
Ficus trichopoda 154, 160
Ficus vallischoudae 159
Ficus vogelii see Ficus lutea
Filicium decipiens 194
firethorn corkwood 100
firethorn crowberry 284
Flacourtiaceae 123, 178, 278
flambojant 115
flamboyant 115
flamepod thorn 28
flame thorn 28
flatcrown 49
fluweelboswilg 93
fluweelkanniedood 98
forest bigleaf 55
forest bushwillow 92
forest croton 105
forest elder 208
forest feverberry 105
forest-fevertree 55
forest ironplum 124
forest jackal-coffee 19
forest milkberry 10
forest natal-mahogany 13, 310
forest saffron 127
forest white sugarbush 248
Garcinia livingstonei 10, 161
Gardenia cornuta 22, 162
Gardenia spatulifolia see Gardenia
volkensii
Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-
tonantis 163
Gardenia thunbergia 162
Gardenia volkensii 22, 163
Gardenia volkensii subsp.
spatulifolia 163
Gardenia volkensii subsp. volkensii 163
geelwortelboom 291
Gentianaceae 55
gevleuelde witessenhout 65
gewone ghwarrie 142
gewone kanniedood 100
gewone pendoring 171
gewone saffraan 127
gewone suikerbos 247
gewone wildepietersieliebos 175
gewone wildevy 151
giant euphorbia 144
giant grewia 166
giantleaf fig 154
giant raisin 166
gifboom 17
glandleaf bridesbush 226
glandular-mesquite 246
glossy combretum 87
glossy white-ash 65
Gmelina arborea 195
Gonioma kamassi 264
goudwilger 41
grassland tree-fern 112
grasveldboomvaring 112
green monkey-orange 10, 11, 299
greenhair-thorn 225
greenhairtree 225
greenthorn 61
Grevillea robusta 164
Grewia bicolor 167
Grewia flava 10, 11,165
Grewia flavescens 165
Grewia hexamita 166
Grewia hornbyi 167
Grewia inaequilatera 166
Grewia monticola 167
Grewia occidentalis 168
Grewia pondoensis 168
Grewia robusta 168
grey camel thorn 30
grey grewia 167
greyhair thorn 32
grey poplar 243
Greyiaceae 169
Greyia flanaganii 169
Greyia radlkoferi 169
Greyia sutherlandii 169
groendoring 61
groenhaardoring 225
groenklapper 299
grootblaarrotsvy 150
grootblaar-sterkastaiing 292
grootblaarvalsdoring 51
grootkoorsbessie 104
grootvalsmopanie 170
grysappel 224
guava 254
Guibourtia coleosperma 86,170
Guibourtia conjugata 86, 170
Gymnosporia buxifolia 171
Gymnosporia glaucophylla 172
Gymnosporia heterophylla 171
Gymnosporia senegalensis 172
haak-en-steek 44
hairyleaf monkey-orange 297
halfmens 222
Halleria elliptica 173
Halleria lucida 173
Haplocoelum gallense 256
hardekool 14, 91
hardepeer 217
hard-pear 13, 217
Hardwickia mopane see
Colophospermum mopane
Harpephyllum caffrum 10, 126,174
harpuisboom 220
hedge euphorbia 145
Heeria argentea 219
henkel-se-geelhout 240
henkels yellowwood 240
Hertzfeige 152
Heteromorpha arborescens 291
Heteromorpha arborescens var.
abyssinica 175
Heteromorpha arborescens var.
arborescens 175
Heteromorpha papillosa 175
Heteropyxidaceae 176
Heteropyxis canescens 176
Heteropyxis dehniae see Heteropyxis
natalensis
Heteropyxis natalensis 176
Hibiscus diversifolius 177
Hibiscus spp. 59
Hibiscus tiliaceus 22,177
highveld cabbagetree 110
hoëveldkiepersol 110
Homalium abdessammadii 178
Homalium chasei see Homalium
dentatum
Homalium dentatum 178
hophout 309
horingpeultjieboom 121
hornpod 121
hornpodtree 121
horsetailtree 81
huilboerboon 275
huilboom 227
Hyaenanche globosa 17, 72
hyaena-poison 17
Hymenocardia ulmoides 257
Hyphaene benguellensis var. ventricosa
see Hyphaene petersiana
Hyphaene coriacea 13,179, 180
Hyphaene crinita see Hyphaene
coriacea
Hyphaene natalensis see Hyphaene
coriacea
Hyphaene petersiana 13, 20,179,180
Hyphaene spp. 231
icacinaceae 57
Ilex mitis 22, 181, 252
indabatree 223
iroko 13
ironwood 13, 214
Italiaanse populier 244
jacaranda 182
Jacaranda mimosifolia 22, 115,182
jackalberry 10, 119
jacket-plum 10, 223
jakaranda 182
jakkalsbessie 119
Jubaeopsis caffra 231
Julbernardia globiflora 71, 183
Julbernardia paniculata 183
Julbernardia spp. 48
Kaapse boekenhout 262
Kaapse kastaiing 77
Kaapse kiaat 296
Kaapse wilger 269
kalahari-appelblaar 229
kalahari appleleaf 229
kalahari lancepod 229
kalahari omupanda 229
kameeldoring 30
kameelspoor 232
kanferboom 84
kanferbos 305
kannabas113
karee 11, 281
karoo boerbean 274
karooboerboon 274
kasuur 238
keiappel 123
kei-apple 10, 123
kerkhofsipres 107
kershout 260
keurboom 316
khat 82
Khaya anthotheca 13, 22,184
Khaya nyasica see Khaya anthotheca
kiaatl2, 13, 17, 258
kiepersol 111
kierieklapper 90
Kigelia africana 17, 185
Kigelia pinnata see Kigelia africana
Kiggelaria africana 19,186
KlGGELARIACEAE 186, 325
kinaboom 264
kirkia 187
Kirkia acuminata 187, 188
KlRKIACEAE 187, 188
Kirkia dewinteri 188
Kirkia wilmsii 188
klapperbos 209
kleefpeul 286
kleinknophout 326
kliertjiesboom 226
klipels 47
knob fig 157
knob thorn 37
knobbly fig 157
knoppiesboontjie 196
knoppiesdoring 37
knoppiesvy 157
koeboebessie 206
koedoebessie 253
koejawel 254
kokerboom 53
koobooberry 206
koorsboom 45
koperstam-kanniedood 96
koraalboom 135
kosi palm 263
ko sip aim 263
kraalnaboom 145
kremetart 46
kreupelhout 9, 193
krinkhout 285
kruisbessie 168
krulruspeboontjie 218
kuduberry 253
kudubush 87
kurkbasklapper 295
kurkbos 205
kusrooimelkhout 201
kusvaalbos 69
kusvuurblom 177
kuswurgvy 155
kwar 255
laeveldmelkbessie 197
lagoon hibiscus 177
lala-palm 13, 179
lalapalm 179
Lamiaceae 85, 317
Lannea antiscorbutica 190
Lannea discolor 189
Lannea edulis 189
Lannea schweinfurthii var.
stuhlmannii 190, 277
Lannea stuhlmannii see Lannea
schweinfurthii var. stuhlmannii
lanternbush 209
large copalwood 170
large false-mopane 170
large feverberry 104
largefruit bushwillow 94
largefruit combretum 94
largeleaf false-thorn 51
largeleaf rock fig 150
largeleaf star-chestnut 292
largeleaf sterculia 292
large sourplum 324
Lauraceae 84, 212
lavender croton 103
lavender feverberry 103
lavendertree 176
laventelboom 176
laventelkoorsbessie 103
leadwood 91
lebombo-ironwood 54
lebombowattel 207
lebombo-wattle 207
lebombo-ysterhout 54
Lecythidaceae 62
lekkerbreek 211
lekkerruikpeul 38
lepelhout 80
Leucadendron argenteum 9,191
Leucadendron spp. 191
leucaena 14
Leucaena leucocephala 14
Leucosidea sericea 192
Leucospermum conocarpodendron
9,193
Leucospermum conocarpodendron
subsp. conocarpodendron 193
Leucospermum conocarpodendron
subsp. viridum 193
Leucospermum spp. 193
live-long 189
lombardy poplar 244
Lonchocarpus capassa see Philenoptera
violacea
Lonchocarpus nelsii see Philenoptera
nelsii
long-tail cassia 79
lowveld milkberry 197
Loxostylis alata 194
Lydenburgia abbottii 80, 82
Lydenburgia cassinoides 80, 82
Macaranga capensis 22,195
Macaranga mellifera 195
Maerua angolensis 196
Maerua kaokoensis 196
Maerua parviflora 68
Maerua schinzii 196
Maesa lanceolata 108
magic guarri 140
mahobohobo 10, 312
makalani palm 180
maksering 198
Malvaceae 59, 177
Mangifera indica 251
mango 251
mangwe 307
Manilkara concolor 197
Manilkara discolor 10, 197
Manilkara mochisia 22,197
Manilkara spp. 197
manketti 10, 11, 273
mankettitree 273
maroela 277
marula 10, 11, 13, 16, 277
matumi 13, 72
Maytenus heterophylla 171
Maytenus oleoides 260
Maytenus senegalensis see
Gymnosporia senegalensis
mbango 103
Melia azedarach 198, 209
Meliaceae 126, 133, 184, 198, 209, 310,
311
Melianthaceae 65
mfuti 70
Milicia excelsa 13
Milletia grandis 13, 22, 60,199
Milletia stuhlmannii 13, 200
Milletia usaramensis subsp.
australis 200
Mimosaceae 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34,
35,36, 37, 38,39, 40,41,42, 43,44,
45, 49, 50, 51, 117, 147, 207, 246
Mimusops caffra 201
Mimusops obovata 201
Mimusops obtusifolia 201, 202
Mimusops zeyheri 202
mingerhout 72
mitserie 73
mitzeeri 13, 73
mobola-plum 10, 11, 224
modjadjebroodboom 130
modjadji cycad 130
moepel 10, 202
mo eras vy 160
mokola palm 13
monego 59
mongongo 10, 11
monkey thorn 31
monkeybread 232
monkey-oranges 11, 17
Monotes engleri 203, 224
Monotes glaber 203
Monotes katangensis 203
mopane 9, 14, 19, 86
mopanie 86
Moraceae 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155,
156, 157, 158, 159, 160
moringaceae 204
Moringa ovalifolia 204, 221
mountain hardpear 216
mountain karee 282
mountain mahogany 13, 133
mountain nettle 210
mountain-cedar 320
mountain-cypress 320
mountain-seringa 188
mouse-ear combretum 90
msasa 71
mukarati 76
mukenge 94
mukwa 258
mulanje cedar 13
Mundulea sericea 205
Mundulea suberosa see Mundulea
sericea
munondo 183
mupapama 232
muparara 227
murongo 104
musaceae 132
Musa spp. 132
musamba 190
musasa 71
musese 51
musikili 311
mutumba 90
muwanga 228
muzhanje 312
mwanda 48
Myrsinaceae 262
Myrtaceae 77, 136, 137, 138, 254,
301, 302
Mystroxylon aethiopicum 206
Mystroxylon aethiopicum subsp. A 206
Mystroxylon aethiopicum subsp.
aethiopicum 206
Mystroxylon aethiopicum subsp.
burkeanum 206
Mystroxylon aethiopicum subsp.
schlechteri 206
naboom 144
namakwavy 152
namaqua fig 152
namaqua resintree 6
namibharpuisboom 219
namibian resintree 219
namib resintree 219
narrowleaf mustardtree 270
natal-mahogany 311
natal strelitzia 294
natalstrelitzia 294
neem tree 209
Newtonia buchananii 207
Newtonia hildebrandtii 207
Newtonia hildebrandtii var.
hildebrantii 207
Newtonia hildebrandtii var.
pubescens 207
nieshout 256
njalaboom 322
noordelike lalapalm 180
northern lala-palm 180
northern omupanda 230
notsung 173
Nuxia floribunda 208
nyalatree 322
Nymania capensis 209
Obetia carruthersiana 210
Obetia tenax 210
Ochna arborea 211, 254
Ochnaceae 211
Ochna natalitia 211
Ochna pulchra211, 254
Ochna spp. 211
Ocotea bullata 12, 13, 35, 83, 212
Ocotea kenyensis 212
old man's beard 239
Oldenburgia arbuscula see
Oldenburgia grandis
Oldenburgia grandis 213
oldwood 192
Olea africana see Olea europaea
subsp. africana
Olea capensis 13, 214
Olea capensis subsp. capensis 214
Olea capensis subsp. enervis 214
Olea capensis subsp. hochstetteri 214
Olea capensis subsp. macrocarpa 214
Oleaceae 214, 215, 276
Olea europaea 75
Olea europaea subsp. africana 13, 215
Olea hochstetteri see Olea capensis
olienhout 215
Olinia capensis 217
Oliniaceae 216, 217
Olinia cymosa see Olinia ventosa
Olinia emarginata 216
Olinia micrantha 217
Olinia radiata 217
Olinia rochetiana 216
Olinia ventosa 13, 216, 217
olive 13
ombe 63
omumborombonga 91
omumbungururu 256
omundjimune 189
omungongo 277
omusati 86
omutjete 117
omwandi 119
Oncoba spinosa 325
opregte geelhout 241
Ormocarpum kirkii 218
Ormocarpum trichocarpum 218
Ostryoderris stuhlmannii see
Xeroderris stuhlmannii
ouhout192
outeniekwageelhout 239
outeniqua yellowwood 239
Ozoroa concolor 219
Ozoroa crassinervia 219
Ozoroa dispar 6, 219
Ozoroa engleri 220
Ozoroa insignis 220
Ozoroa namaensis 219
Ozoroa paniculosa 220
Ozoroa paniculosa var. paniculosa 220
Ozoroa paniculosa var. salicina 220
Ozoroa sphaerocarpa 220
Ozoroa spp. 223
Pachypodium lealii 204, 221
Pachypodium namaquanum 222
paddaboom 303
pale-fruit monotes 203
panga-panga 13, 200
paperbark acacia 43
paperbark corkwood 97
paperbark false-thorn 27
paperbark thorn 43
papierbasdoring 43
papierbas-kanniedood 97
Pappea capensis 10, 223
parasoltree 242
Parinari capensis subsp. incohata 224
Parinari curatellifolia 10, 224
Parinari mobola see Parinari
curatellifolia
Parkinsonia aculeata 225
Parkinsonia africana 225
parsleytree 175
patryshout 200
patula pine 234
Pavetta edentula 226
Pavetta spp. 226
Pedaliaceae 287
peeling-bark ochna 211
peeling-plane 211
Peltophorum africanum 227
pendoring 171
Pentapetaceae 122
peperbasboom 318
peperblaarkanniedood 99
peperboom 272
pepperbarktree 16, 17, 318
pepperleaf corkwood 99
peppertree 272
perdestertboom 81
Pericopsis angolensis 228
peulmahonie 48
phantom tree 204
Philenoptera bussei 230
Philenoptera nelsii 229
Philenoptera sutherlandii 199
Philenoptera violacea 87, 230
Phoenix reclinata 10, 20, 231
Phyllanthaceae 56, 73, 253, 312
Phyllogeiton discolor see
Berchemia discolor
Phyllogeiton zeyheri see
Berchemia zeyheri
Picrodendraceae 54
pigeonwood 309
Piliostigma thonningii 232
Pinaceae 233, 234, 235, 236, 237
pink grewia 168
Pinus canariensis 233
Pinus cembroides 236
Pinus elliotii 234
Pinus halepensis 233
Pinus patula 7, 234
Pinus pinaster 235
Pinus pinea 236
Pinus radiata 237
Pinus roxburghii 235
Pinus spp. 22
Pinus taeda 234
Pittosporaceae 238
Pittosporum viridiflorum 22, 238, 288
platkroon 49
pod-mahogany 48
Podocarpaceae 239, 240, 241
Podocarpus elongatus 241
Podocarpus falcatus 13, 239, 240, 241
Podocarpus henkelii 240
Podocarpus latifolius 13, 240, 241
Podocarpus spp. 22
poeierkwasboom 62
poisonpod albizia 51
Polygalaceae 285
Polyscias fulva 22
Polyscias fulva 242
pompontree 113
popgun-tree 291
Populus alba 243
Populus x canescens 243
Populus deltoides 243
Populus nigra 'Italica' 244
Populus tremula 243
port jackson 14
port jackson willow 41
Portulacaceae 245
Portulacaria afra 245
powderpufftree 62
prickly-pear 10
prince-of-wales-feathers 70
Prosopis glandulosa var.
torreyana 246
Prosopis pubescens 246
Prosopis velutina 246
Protea arborea see Protect nitida
Protea aurea 248
Protea caffra 247, 249
Proteaceae 148, 149, 164, 191, 193,
247, 248, 249, 250
Protea eximia 250
Protea mundii 248
Protea nitida 249
Protea petiolaris 247
Protea roupelliae 250
Protea roupelliae subsp. hamiltonii 250
Protea roupelliae subsp. roupelliae 250
Protea subvestita 247, 248
Protorhus longifolia 251
Prunus africana 17, 252
Pseudocadia zambesiaca see
Xanthocercis zambesiaca
Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
121, 253
Psidium guajava 254
Psydrax fragrantissima 255
Psydrax locuples 255
Psydrax obovata 255
Psydrax obovata subsp. elliptica 255
Psydrax obovata subsp. obovata 255
Ptaeroxylaceae 256
Ptaeroxylon obliquum 13, 256
Ptaeroxylon utile see Ptaeroxylon
obliquum
Pteleopsis anisoptera 257
Pteleopsis myrtifolia 257
Pterocarpus angolensis 12, 13, 17,
22, 258
Pterocarpus brenanii 258
Pterocarpus lucens subsp. antunesii 259
Pterocarpus rotundifolius 259
Pterocarpus rotundifolius subsp.
martinii 259
Pterocarpus rotundifolius subsp.
polyanthus 259
Pterocarpus rotundifolius subsp.
rotundifolius 259
Pterocelastus echinatus 260
Pterocelastus galpinii 260
Pterocelastus tricuspidatus 260
purplefruit clusterleaf 306
purplepod terminalia 306
Putranjivaceae 124
puzzlebush 125
Pygeum africanum see Prunus africana
quar 255
Quercus cerris 261
Quercus robur 261
quininetree 264
quivertree 53
raasblaar 94
radiata pine 237
radiata-den 237
raintree 230
Rapanea gilliana 262
Rapanea melanophloeos 262
Raphia australis 20, 263
Raphia farinifera 263
Rauvolfia caffra 22, 72, 264
Rcinodendron rautanenii see
Schinziophyton rautanenii
real yellowwood 241
red-alder 106
red-beech 251
red bushwillow 87
red-currant 279
red gum 136
red-ivory 11, 13, 64
redleaf fig 153
red-mahogany 13, 184
red mangrove 265
redpear 278
red spikethorn 172
red star-apple 118
redstinkwood 17, 252
red thorn 32
resintree 220
reuseblaarvy 154
reuserosyntjie 166