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Making the most of Indigenous Trees

Making the most of Indigenous Trees

A most significant, useful and practical book on 144 tree species of South Africa
Venter, Fanie & Julye-Ann
22120
978-1875093-33-5
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Making the most of Indigenous Trees

Authors: Fanie & Julye-Ann Venter
Briza Publications
2nd edition, Pretoria 2007
ISBN: 978-1875093-33-5
Soft cover, 17x24 cm, 320 pages, distribution maps, 750 colour photographs

Making the most of Indigenous Trees Eine sehr interessante, praxisbezogene und detailreiche Beschreibung von 144 südafrikanischer Baumarten, die ursprünglich - sehr erfolgreich - im Farmer’s Weekly Magazine erschien.


Description:

Making the Most of Indigenous Trees is undoubtedly the most significant, useful and practical book ever to be published on this subject in South Africa.

It is based on a highly successful series that ran in Farmer’s Weekly magazine and was prompted by requests from hundreds of readers for the information in book form.

This new edition features seven additional tree species and a more accessible arrangement of trees according to their botanical name. More than 140 indigenous trees are discussed in detail with the following information provided for each tree:

• A detailed species description, diagnostic features, flowering and fruiting periods, natural distribution and habitat

• The ecological role and utilisation by mammals, birds and insects

• Economic value and use by people, including use in gardens and on the farm, as a source of food for humans and animals, fibre and medicine

• Properties of the wood and its utilisation by people

• Specific guidelines on propagation and cultivation of each species

• A map indicating the distribution in South Africa. Swaziland and Lesotho is given for each species

• More than 750 carefully selected colour photographs complement and illustrate the text

• The book also includes an introductory section on tree propagation by seed, cuttings and truncheons, a table on the utilisation of indigenous trees by wildlife, references for further reading and an index to the common and botanical names.


Contents:

Acknowledgements
Introduction
Notes on propagation
Tree descriptions
Utilisation by animals
References
Index to names


Introduction:

All the trees of the fields shall clap their hands (Isaiah 55 v. 12)

Trees have been part of man's environment since his beginnings. They have many functions and are essential to our existence. Many of us take trees for granted, not always appreciating the vital role they play by bearing fruit, providing nesting sites for birds, shade and shelter for insects, birds and other animals, by rendering material for the manufacture of goods such as paper and furniture, and by supplying the very oxygen we breathe.

Trees are not only functional, but also aesthetically pleasing to the eye. Visualise a landscape devoid of trees! What is a tree? It can be defined as a woody plant, usually with a single stem, which can grow to a height of 6 m or more.

It has been said that were it not for the ever-increasing human population and the subsequent scramble for more land, there would have been many more trees and vastly greater areas of forest left on earth. Every minute, 24 hectares of rainforest are being destroyed worldwide - and man is simply not replanting trees fast enough to cancel out this frightening statistic. Also here in South Africa our very rich and varied indigenous tree flora is being rapidly depleted.

The purpose of this book is to introduce the reader, tree lover and unseasoned enthusiast alike to some of our indigenous tree species and in so doing, cultivate in them a love and appreciation for our trees. Furthermore, we hope to encourage the propagation and use of these trees in gardens, farms, parks, game farms and on other private and public land.

The book is also aimed at dispelling some of those 'mythstakes' (myths and mistakes!) firmly established in the minds of some gardeners and farmers, for example the beliefs that indigenous trees grow very slowly, that indigenous plants do not require water or compost and that they need very poor, sandy soil.

These ‘mythstakes’ could be responsible for the wariness with which many people view indigenous trees as garden subjects. However, there certainly is an awakening to the use of our indigenous flora, and growers and nurserymen are now beginning to see its merits. It is our wish that this awakening takes on massive proportions and our indigenous tree species become better known, loved and more widely available.

What role do you play in the conservation of this wealth of tree flora? By propagating and using our indigenous tree species, you can help to ensure their continued existence.

The book has been written with the layperson in mind; botanical terms have been kept to the minimum and were used only where absolutely necessary to ensure correctness. The 144 tree species described in the book are listed alphabetically according to the botanical name. We hope that this will encourage readers to learn and use these names, as the botanical name is the only name by which a tree can be accurately identified.

The English common name is given along with the Afrikaans, Zulu and Northern Sotho common names. Tracing and verifying common names in all eleven official languages would be a mammoth task and after careful consideration it was decided to list only these three.

The botanical names were taken from Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution (Arnold & De Wet, 1993). A botanical name is made up of two parts, i.e. the genus name followed by the specific epithet. In the case of the botanical name of the sweet thorn, the genus name is Acacia and it is followed by the specific name karroo, to give Acacia karroo.

Although these names sometimes seem a mouthful to the layperson, the scientific name prevents the confusion caused by the many and varied common names often given to the same species in different regions and in different languages.

A good example is 'tree fuchsia', a common name applied to both Schotia brachypetala and Halleria lucida. In an attempt to avoid the confusion, a standardised list of common names has been published, the Pocket List of Southern African Indigenous Trees (Von Breitenbach, 1986, 2001). The English and Afrikaans names have been taken from this work. The South African tree number is also listed for each species.

Mention is also made of the family to which a particular species belongs. Genera that have certain important characters in common belong to the same family. For example, the genera Acacia and Albizia both belong to the Fabaceae, the pod-bearing family.

Where information is available, mention is made of the medicinal uses and edibility of the various species. Some have been tried and tested by the authors, others not, but no claims are made as to their effectiveness. Indiscriminate use of these medicines could prove fatal and readers are therefore advised to refrain from experimenting.

Finally, it is our wish that this book not only finds its way to the coffee table collection, but that it also proves to be a most useful tool in the hands of the tree-lover, enthusiast and student.


Example:

Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra

Marula

Maroela, morula (NS), umganu (Z) Family Mango Family (Anacardiaceae)
SA No. 360

Name derivation: Sclerocarya = hard nut, birrea = 'birr', the common name for the tree in Senegal, and caffra = from Kaffraria (Eastern Cape).

Description:

A deciduous tree up to 18 m tall with a round to spreading crown. Bark on young branches smooth and grey with prominent scars formed by the dropped leaves, but grey and flaking in patches on older branches and stems.

Leaves unevenly compound with 7-13 pairs of leaflets plus a terminal one, crowded near the ends of branches, young leaves mostly toothed. Flowers in 50-80 mm long sprays, with sexes on separate trees, flowers yellow tinged red. Fruit fleshy, spherical and 30-35 mm in diameter, yellow when mature with a white clinging flesh and a large stone.

Wood light reddish brown to whitish, with no definite heartwood, soft, light (air-dry 560 kg/m3), susceptible to borer attack.

Diagnostic features: Deciduous; roundish canopy; flaking bark; unevenly compound leaves with 7-13 leaflets and a terminal leaflet, crowded near the ends of branches; male and female flowers separate; fruit fleshy, yellow.

Flowering: from September to November.

Fruiting: from January to March.

Distribution: From Ethiopia in the north to KwaZulu-Natal in the south.

Habitat: Grows in various types of woodland on sand to sandy loam.

Economic value: Cattle and game utilise the fruit, leaves and even the bark. Meyer's parrots feed on the kernels of green fruit. The wood is used for furniture and, to a lesser extent, panelling. A popular wood for carvings and household articles. The fruit analysis (after Quinn, 1959 & Wehmeyer, 1967) is as follows:

Average mass: 17.99 g
Skin: 41%
Seed: 52.51%
Edible flesh: 6.47%
Vitamin C: 67.9 mg / 100 g
Calcium: 6.2 mg / 100 g
Magnesium: 10.5 mg / 100 g
Phosphorus: 8.7 mg / 100 g
Potassium: 54.8 mg / 100 g
Fructose: 0.97 g / 100 ml
Glucose: 0.75 g / 100 ml
Sucrose: 5.95 g / 100 ml

Jelly and jam can be made from the fruit. It produces a good-quality semi-sweet and sweet wine, port, beer, juice and nectar. Each seed contains two or three edible nuts. Oil (56.2%) can be pressed from these and used as a preservative. The nuts can be eaten raw or roasted and are rich in oil and protein (28%).

It can be used most successfully as a shade tree in the garden or park and as a street tree. The improved strains of the marula can be planted in an orchard set-up for the commercial production of fruit. Plant young plants or truncheons in scattered groups of 5-10 individuals in camps to serve as shelter, browsing and food source.

Other uses: A decoction of the bark is taken to treat dysentery and diarrhoea and prophyllactically for malaria. A brandy tincture of the bark is taken in small doses as a prophylactic against malaria. The moist inner bark shows an antihistaminic action against insect bites and the burns of hairy caterpillars. The skin of the fruit can be boiled in water to make a drink; it is also burnt and used either as a substitute for coffee or as a snuff. Burns and abscesses are treated with an essence made from the leaves. A relatively good-quality rope can be made from the inner bark.

Cultivation: Easily raised from seed. Plant seed directly into black nursery bags filled with river sand and keep in the shade until seedlings appear. Truncheons of 100-150 mm in diameter and 2 m long can be planted in early spring. The marula is drought-resistant but young trees are frost-sensitive. It is one of the fastest growing trees in South Africa with a growth rate of up to 1.5 m per year.


Index:

A
Acacia burkei 14
Acacia caffra 16
Acacia erioloba 18
Acacia galpinii 20
Acacia karroo 22
Acacia mellifera subsp. detinens 24
Acacia nigrescens 26
Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana
28
Acacia sieberiana var. woodii 30
Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha
32
Acacia xanthophloea 34
Adansonia digitata 36
African mangosteen 176
African wattle 228
Afzelia quanzensis 38
Albizia adianthifolia var.
adianthifolia 40
Albizia tanganyicensis subsp.
tanganyicensis 42
Albizia versicolor 44
ana tree 156
anaboom 156
Anacardiaceae 190, 206, 244, 260,
262, 264, 266, 274
Annona senegalensis subsp.
senegalensis 46
Annonaceae 46
Anthocleista grandiflora 48
Antidesma venosum 50
apiesdoring 20
Apocynaceae 88, 90, 254
Apodytes dimidiata 52
appelblaar 230
apple-leaf 230
Aquifoliaceae 194
Araliaceae 118
Arecaceae 232
Asteraceae 74, 282
azanza 54
Azanza garckeana 54
B
Baikiaea plurijuga 56
baobab 36
Baphia racemosa 58
basboontjie 144
bastermaroela 206
Bauhinia galpinii 60
Bauhinia petersiana subsp.
macrantha 62
Bauhinia tomentosa 64
bead-bean tree 208
Berchemia discolor 66
Berchemia zeyheri 68
berghardepeer 222
bergkaree 264
bergmahonie 148
bergsering 204
bergvy 162
besemtrosvy 170
Bignoniaceae 198, 258, 284
black monkey thorn 14
black thorn 24
bladder-nut 130
blinkblaar 256
blinkblaar-wag-'n-bietjie 300
blompeer 132
Boesmanstee 96
Bolusanthus speciosus 70
Bombacaceae 36
Boraginaceae 140
bosbeesklou 64
Boscia albitrunca 72
boskoorsbessie 116
boskoorsboom 48
bostaaibos 260
bosvaalbos 74
bosveldbloubos 126
bosveldkatjiepiering 178
bosvlier 218
Brachylaena transvaalensis 74
brandy-bush 180
breéblaarkoraalboom 152
Breonadia salicina 76
Bridelia micrantha 78
broad-leaved coral tree 152
broom cluster fig 170
brown ivory 66
bruin-ivoor 66
Buddleja saligna 80
Buddleja salviifolia 82
buffalo thorn 300
Bushman's tea 96
bushveld bluebush 126
bushveld gardenia 178
C
Calodendrum capense 84
Calpurnia aurea 86
camel thorn 18
camel's foot 234
camphor bush 282
Canellaceae 292
Cape ash 142
Cape beech 252
Cape chestnut 84
Cape holly 194
Cape honeysuckle 284
Capparaceae 72, 208
Carissa edulis 88
Carissa macrocarpa 90
Cassia abbreviata subsp. beareana
92
Cassinopsis ilicifolia 94
Catha edulis 96
Celastraceae 96, 216
Celtis africana 98
cheesewood 236
Chrysobalanaceae 226
Clusiaceae 176
Colophospermum mopane 100
Combretaceae 102, 104,106,108,
110
Combretum apiculatum subsp.
apiculatum 102
Combretum erythrophyllum 104
Combretum hereroense 106
Combretum imberbe 108
Combretum zeyheri 110
common cabbage tree 118
common coral tree 154
common hook-thorn 16
common wild fig 160
cork bush 214
Craibia zimmermannii 112
cross-berry 186
Croton megalobotrys 114
Croton sylvaticus 116
Cussonia spicata 118
D
Dais cotinifolia 120
Deinbollia oblongifolia 122
deurmekaarbos 140
Dichrostachys cinerea subsp.
africana 124
Diospyros lycioides subsp. guerkei
126
Diospyros mespiliformis 128
Diospyros whyteana 130
dogwood 256
Dombeya rotundifolia var.
rotundifolia 132
dopperkiaat 250
doppruim 224
Dovyalis caffra 134
Dovyalis zeyheri 136
Dracaena aletriformis 138
Dracaenaceae 138
duinseepbessie 122
dune soap-berry 122
dwarf coral tree 150
E
Ebenaceae 126, 128,130
Ehretia rigida 140
Ekebergia capensis 142
Elephantorrhiza burkei 144
Englerophytum magalismontanum
146
enkeldoring-noemnoem 88
Entandrophragma caudatum 148
ertjiehout 112
Erythrina humeana 150
Erythrina latissima 152
Erythrina lysistemonn 154
essenhout 142
Euphorbiaceae 50, 78,114,116,
276
F
Fabaceae 14,16,18, 20, 22, 24, 26,
28, 30, 32, 34, 38, 40, 42, 44, 56,
58, 60, 62, 64, 70, 86, 92, 100,
112,124,144,150,152,154,
156, 210, 214, 228, 230, 234,
248, 250, 272, 294
Faidherbia aïbida 156
false marula 206
false olive 80
fever tree 34
Ficus abutilifolia 158
Ficus burkei 160
Ficus glumosa 162
Ficus ingens 164
Ficus salicifolia 166
Ficus sansibarica subsp.
sansibarica 168
Ficus sur 170
Ficus sycomorus subsp. sycomorus
172
Flacourtiaceae 134,136, 200
flat-crown 40
fluitjieswilger 270
flute willow 270
forest elder 218
forest fever tree 48
forest fever-berry 116
forest silver oak 74
G
Galpinia transvaalica 174
Garcinia livingstonei 176
Gardenia volkensii subsp.
spatulifolia 178
geelberggranaat 258
geelkeur 86
gewone haakdoring 16
gewone kiepersol 118
gewone koraalboom 154
gewone trosvy 172
gewone wildevy 160
giant raisin 182
Grewia flava 180
Grewia hexamita 182
Grewia monticola 184
Grewia occidentalis var.
occidentalis 186
grootblaardrakeboom 138
grootblaarrotsvy 158
grootblaarvalsdoring 44
grootkoorsbessie 114
grootnoemnoem 90
grootsuurpruim 296
grysappel 226
H
haak-en-steek 32
Halleria lucida 188
hardekool 108
Harpephyllum caffrum 190
Heteropyxidaceae 192
Heteropyxis natalensis 192
huilboerboon 272
huilboom 228
I
Icacinaceae 52, 94
igqeba-elimhlope 80
igqeba-elimhlophe 282
ilalanyathi 186
Ilex mitis var. mitis 194
iloshane 82
iminza 188
indlandlovu 250
inhliziyonkhulu 132
inkehli 38
inkokhokho 158, 162
inkunzi 192
intozane-emnyama 120
iphuphuma 194
iqinisamasimu 122
isibaha 292
isibangamlotha 50
isicalabi 252
isidondwane 242
isifice 244
isifithi 58
isigude 278
isihlokolozane 94
isiphofu 46
isisantu 166
isithibathibana 64
isundu 232
itokothoko 138
J
jackal-berry 128
jacket-plum 224
jakkalsbessie 128
K
Kaapse boekenhout 252
Kaapse kanferfoelie 284
Kalahari bauhinia 62
Kalaharibeesklou 62
kameeldoring 18
kameelspoor 234
kanferbos 282
kannabas 120
karee 262
kasuur 236
Kei-appel 134
Kei-apple 134
kgalagangwe 236
Khaya anthotheca 196
kiaat 248
kierieklapper 106
Kigelia africana 198
Kiggelaria africana 200
kinaboom 254
Kirkia acuminata 202
Kirkia wilmsii 204
kleinknophout 298
kleinkoraalboom 150
knob fig 168
knob-thorn 26
knoppiesboontjieboom 208
knoppiesdoring 26
knoppiesvy 168
koeboebessie 216
kooboo-berry 216
koorsboom 34
kremetart 36
kruisbessie 186
kurkbos 214
L
laeveldse geelmelkhout 176
Eannea schweinfurthii var.
stuhlmannii 206
large fever-berry 114
large num-num 90
large sourplum 296
large-fruited bush-willow 110
large-leaved dragon tree 138
large-leaved false-thorn 44
large-leaved rock fig 158
lavender tree 192
laventelboom 192
leadwood 108
lekkerruikpeul 28
lemoentjiedoring 94
lemon thorn 94
Loganiaceae 48, 80, 82, 218
Lythraceae 174
M
Maerua angolensis 208
Malvaceae 54
maroela 274
marula 274
matumi 76
Meliaceae 142,148,196, 286
Millettia grandis 210
Mimusops zeyheri 212
mingerhout 76
mitserie 78
mitzeeri 78
mmaba 286
mmalê 154
mmasephaletsi 222
mmidibidibi 142
mmiló 288
mmola 226
mmopu 206
mmupudu 212
mobola plum 226
modibo 104
moduba-tshipi 110
modukguhlu 198
modulane 50
modulatshwene 268
modumela 202, 204
moêma 116
moepel 212
mofifi 256
mogabo 156
mogapa 70
mogóbagóba 238
mogobóya 172
mogokare 270
mogokgomo 66
mogónó 252
mogótlhó 18
mogo-tshetlo 170
mohlabaphala 132
mohlapu 168
mohlatsa 166
mohlatsane 130
mohlatse 96
mohlatswa 146
mohlomê 76
mohlópi 72
mohlware 220
mohlwehlwe 264
mohwelere 102
mohwelere-tshipi 108
mokalabata 262
mokata 106
mokgaló 26, 300
mokgobongo 44
mokhupye 150
mokongono 176
moku 28
mokwaripa 14
mokwatapa 250
molaka 292
molalatau 82
mologa 20
molope 272
molutu 98
monadi 254
monamane 194, 216
monató 54
monee 68
monepenepe 200
monêpênêpê 92
mongangatau 24
mongatane 224
monkey thorn 20
monokane 164
monokwane 298
monotlou 260
montlho 280
mooka-kwena 34
mookana 22
mookêlêla 84
mopalamo 232
mopane 100
mopanie 100
mophala 48
mopumena 148
Moraceae 158,160, 162, 164, 166,
168, 170, 172
morala 178
morapa-sitane 284
morekuri 276
morethema 136
morêtsê 124
moróbê 140
morótó 248
morotologa 296
morula 274
mosehla 228
mosetla-tlou 214
mosêtshê 118
mositsana 16
mositsane 144
mosu 32
mothêbêrêbê 188
mothêkêlê 190
mothetlwa 180
mothokolo 88
motlepe 46
motlhabare 218
motlhono 134
motlouma 128
motloumana 126
motsêrê 78
motshwarabadikana 186
motshwiriri 60
motsibi 114
motsoo 36
moumo 160
mountain fig 162
mountain hard pear 222
mountain karee 264
mountain mahogany 148
mountain syringa 204
mphahla 74
mphapha 152
mphata 230
mphaya 158,162
mphoka 30
mukolokote 234
Mundulea sericea 214
Myrsinaceae 252
Myrtaceae 280
Mystroxylon aethiopicum 216
N
Natal camwood 58
Natal mahogany 286
Natal wild banana 278
Natalse kamhout 58
Natalse wildepiesang 278
ndwandwazane 98
nieshout 246
nmumu 66
notsung 188
Nuxia floribunda 218
O
Olacaceae 296
Olea europaea subsp. africana 220
Oleaceae 220
olienhout 220
Olinia emarginata
Oliniaceae 222
omsambeet 210
Outeniekwageelhout 238
Outeniqua yellowwood 238
P
paper-barked false-thorn 42
paper-barked thorn 30
papierbasdoring 30
papierbasvalsdoring 42
Pappea capensis 224
Parinari curatellifolia 226
peawood 112
Peltophorum africanum 228
peperbasboom 292
pepper-bark tree 292
peulmahonie 38
Philenoptera violacea 230
Phoenix reclinata 232
photsoloma 138
Piliostigma thonningii 234
Pittosporaceae 236
Pittosporum viridiflorum 236
platkroon 40
pod mahogany 38
Podocarpaceae 238
Podocarpus falcatus 238
Polygala myrtifolia 240
Polygalaceae 240
pompon tree 120
Portulacaceae 242
Portulacaria afra 242
pride of De Kaap 60
Protorhus longifolia 244
Ptaeroxylaceae 246
Ptaeroxylon obliquum 246
Pterocarpus angolensis 248
Pterocarpus rotundifolius subsp.
rotundifolius 250
puzzle bush 140
Q
quinine tree 254
R
raasblaar 110
Rapanea melanophloeos 252
Rauvolfia caffra 254
red beech 244
red bush-willow 102
red currant 260
red ivory 68
red-leaved rock fig 164
red mahogany 196
reuserosyntjie 182
Rhamnaceae 66, 68, 256, 300
Rhamnus prinoides 256
Rhigozum obovatum 258
Rhus chirindensis 260
Rhus lancea 262
Rhus leptodictya 264
Rhus pendulina 266
river bush-willow 104
rooiblaarrotsvy 164
rooiboekenhout 244
rooibos 102
rooi-essenhout 286
rooi-ivoor 68
rooimahonie 196
Rothmannia capensis 268
round-leaved teak 250
Rubiaceae 76, 178, 268, 288
russet bush-willow 106
Rutaceae 84, 290, 298
S
sagewood 82
Salicaceae 270
saliehout 82
Salix mucronata var. woodii 270
sambokpeul 92
Sapindaceae 122, 224
Sapotaceae 146, 212
sausage tree 198
scented thorn 28
Scholia brachypetala 272
Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra 274
Scrophulariaceae 188
sefahla 282
sekelbos 124
sephopha-madi 52
September bush 240
Septemberbossie 240
shepherd tree 72
sickle bush 124
silver raisin 184
Simaroubaceae 202, 204
simple-spined num-num 88
sjambok pod 92
slymappel 54
small knobwood 298
sneezewood 246
soetdoring 22
spekboom 242
Spirostachys africana 276
stamvrug 146
Sterculiaceae 132
Strelitzia nicolai 278
Streliziaceae 278
sumach-bean 144
swartapiesdoring 14
swartbas 130
swarthaak 24
sweet thorn 22
sycomore fig 172
Syzygium cordatum 280
T
tamboti 276
tambotie 276
Tarchonanthus camphoratus 282
tassel-berry 50
Tecomaria capensis 284
Thymelaeaceae 120
Tiliaceae 180,182,184,186
Transvaal milkplum 146
Transvaal red milkwood 212
Trans vaalliguster 174
tree fuchsia 188
tree wisteria 70
Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica
286
U
ugagane 124
Ulmaceae 98
umangwenja 108
umanzimane 130
umbambalwenyoka 112
umbhaba 84
umbhandu 230
umbombe 160
umbondwe 102, 104
umbondwe wasembudwini 110
umbongothi 198
umbrella thorn 32
umbulwa 126
umdakane 52
umdende-obomvu 164
umdlampangele 174
umdoni 280
umenwayo 208
umganu 274
umganunkomo 206
umgongwane 178
umgqwabagqwaba 152
umgwenya 190
umgxamu 272
umhlabamvubu 260
umhlalankwazi 156
umhlalantethe 214
umhlalavane 106
umhlambamanzi 254
umhlambandlazi 218
umhlele 140
umhloshozane 116
umhlosinga 34
umhlume 76
umhlwazi 96
umhohlo 70
umkhamba 30
umkhaya wehlalahlati 14
umkhiphampethu 86
umkhiwane 170, 172
umkhuhlu 286
umlahlankosi 300
umlalampunzi 182, 184
umneyi 68
umnqawe 28
umnqumo 220
umnumbela 146
umnungumabele 298
umnyamathi 142
umnyazuma 136
umnyenye 256
umnyezane 270
umozane 290
umphahla 74
umphazane-mkulu 268
umphimbi 176
umpushane 212
umqhokwane 224
umsasane 32
umsenge 118
umshonge 78
umsinsana 150
umsonti 238
umthathe 246
umthobo 228
umtholo 16
umthombothi 276
umthunduluka-obomvu 296
umunga 22
umunwe 200
umunyane 284
umvangatane 60
umvangazi 44, 248
umvithi 72
umzimbeet 210
unfusamvu 236
unhlwampunzi 180
unkhaya 26
unnqayi 216
unqokolo 134
unsimbithwa 210
unsinsi 154
unthungulu 90
unviyo 288
uqudu 222
usolo 40
V
vaalrosyntjie 184
vaderlandswilg 104
Vangueria infausta subsp. infausta
288
Vanwykshout 70
Vepris lanceolata 290
vlam-van-die-vlakte 60
vlerkboon 294
voëlsitboom 50
W
Warburgia salutaris 292
water-berry 280
waterbessie 280
weeping boer-bean 272
white ironwood 290
white karee 266
white pear 52
white stinkwood 98
white syringa 202
wild apricot 136
wild custard-apple 46
wild date palm 232
wild gardenia 268
wild laburnum 86
wild medlar 288
wild olive 220
wild peach 200
wild pear 132
wild plum 190
wild pride-of-India 174
wild teak 248
wilde-appelkoos 136
wildedadelboom 232
wildekastaiing 84
wildekatjiepiering 268
wildemispel 288
wildeperske 200
wildepruim 190
wilderosyntjie 180
wildesuikerappel 46
wing bean 294
witgat 72
without 194
witkaree 266
witolien 80
witpeer 52
witsering 202
witstinkhout 98
witysterhout 290
Wonderboom fig 166
Wonderboomvy 166
worsboom 198
X
Xeroderris stuhlmannii 294
Ximenia caffra var. caffra 296
Y
yellow bauhinia 64
yellow pomegranate 258
Z
Zambezi teak 56
Zambezi-kiaat 56
Zanthoxylum capense 298
Ziziphus mucronata 300