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Easy Guide to Indigenous Shrubs

Easy Guide to Indigenous Shrubs

More than 100 species of indigenous shrubs in detail, advice on how to propagate it from seed or cuttings and how to care for it in the garden
Joffe, Pitta
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Easy Guide to Indigenous Shrubs

Author: Pitta Joffe
Briza Publications
Pretoria, 2003
ISBN: 978-1-875093-40-3
Soft cover, 21x26 cm, 128 pages, 200 colour photographs

Easy Guide to Indigenous Shrubs Über 100 Buscharten des südlichen Afrikas werden hier kompetent und gut fotografiert beschrieben, aber auch ihre gärtnerische Pflege, wie Vermehrung, Düngung und Beschneidung.


Description:

This book brings together a remarkable collection of indigenous shrubs – not only established favourites but also many lesser-known species that will amaze the reader with their beauty and versatility.

The book covers more than 100 species of indigenous shrubs in detail, with descriptive text and more than 200 full-colour photographs for easy identification.

Detailed species accounts include a description of the plant, advice on how to propagate it from seed or cuttings and how to care for it in the garden.

The author also shares fascinating snippets of information on the traditional uses of each plant and gives down-to-earth advice on how to use the plant in the garden to achieve the best effect.

A range of icons offers an easy overview of the plant’s size and shape, its cultivation requirements, uses, flower colour, flowering time and other special features.

The introductory section includes advice on planning a garden, how to plant and care for shrubs, how to propagate shrubs form seed and cuttings as well as hints on gardening for birds and butterflies.


Introduction:

What are shrubs and why do people like growing them?
Tips on planning a garden
How to plant and care for shrubs
Planting shrubs
Feeding shrubs
Keep your soil alive too!
Make the most of mulch
Pruning
Birds and butterflies bring your garden to life
Birds
Butterflies and moths
It's easy to propagate your own plants
Propagating plants from seeds
Propagating plants from cuttings
'Potting on' seedlings and cuttings
Propagation glossary
How to use this book
Small shrubs
Medium shrubs
Large shrubs
References
Index


Example:

Honeysuckle Tree

Turraea floribunda

MELIACEAE / 124 Large shrubs

Wildekamperfoelieboom, Kanferfoelieboom, umLahlana (X), umHIatholana (X), umLulama (Z), umAdlozane (Z)

Description and uses: The Honeysuckle Tree is beautiful in early spring, when masses of attractive cream-green honeysuckle-like flowers appear on its bare branches. Their wonderful fragrance fills the air. Whitebellied and Black Sunbirds visit the flowers for their rich nectar, thereby assisting with pollination. The rounded deeply ribbed fruits split along the ribs into segments which curl back to expose their shiny bright orange-red seeds (the open fruits look like woody flowers).

Fruit-eating birds such as Pied, Crested and Blackcollared Barbets, Grey and Purplecrested Louries, African Green Pigeon, Blackeyed Bulbul, Glossy Starlings and mousebirds are fond of the seeds and quickly remove them from the tree. Caterpillars of the Whitebarred Charaxes butterfly feed on the soft, light-green foliage. Traditional root remedies deal with dropsy, rheumatism, swollen joints and heart problems.

Flowering: Sept-Nov

Propagation: Easily propagated from seed; young trees grow fast (up to 1 m in the first year).

Cultivation: An excellent ornamental for medium to large gardens, it may develop into a tree of up to 10 m high in warm, moist climates. In such climates, ensure before planting that there is enough room for it to spread. Perfect for an informal shrub border in a large garden. Place it where the pretty flowers and fruits - and all the visitors they attract - can be seen to advantage.

Use it next to a large dam, or on the banks of a stream - it will look stunning. Plant it in a protected position in cold gardens, in fertile compost-enriched soil, mulch well, and water regularly in all areas. Feed with slow-release 3:1:5 fertiliser at intervals of 6-8 weeks throughout the growing season. Prune whenever necessary to neaten. 5 m x 3 m

Natural distribution: Wooded ravines, open woodland, coastal bush (where it can reach 15 m) and along streams, from the Eastern Cape northwards into tropical Africa. NTN 296


Index:

acanthaceae 36, 37, 38, 39,
49, 52, 57, 65, 70, 74,
83, 91, 102
Adenium multiflorum 32
African Dogrose 113, 125
African Wild Banana 105
Afrikaanse Hondsroos 125
Afrikaanse-salie 64
Afrika-wildepiesang 105
Agathosma betulina 33
Agathosma crenulata 33
Agathosma ovata
'Kluitjies kraal' 33
Agtdaegeneesbos 51
Aloe arborescens 68
Aloe ferox 69
Aloe mar loth ii 69
Aloe tenuior 34
amaQogolo 101
amaThungula 97
Amatungulu 96, 97
anacardiaceae 118, 119
aNgude 121
Anisodontea julii subsp.
julii 35
Anisodontea scabrosa 35
apocynaceae 32, 96, 97
Aromatic Sage 64
Asbossie 63
Ash Bush 63
asphodelaceae 34, 68, 69
Assegai bos 108
asteraceae 41, 45, 46, 47, 48,
63, 76, 85, 122
Baardsuikerbos 90
Banana Palm 105
Barleria albostellata 36
Barleria greenii 70
Barleria obtusa 37
Barleria pretoriensis 37
Barleria repens 38
Barleria repens 'Rosea' 38
Barleria rotundifolia 39
Basoetokraal-aalwyn 34
Basterboegoe 33
Basuto Kraal Aloe 34
Bauhinia galpinii 71
Bauhinia natalensis 72
Bauhinia tomentosa 73
Beach Salvia 64
Bearded Sugarbush 90
Beesklouklimop 71
Beestebul 40
Belbos 67
Bergaalwyn 69
Berggranaat 11 7
Bergroos 89
Besembessie 119
Besembos 119
Bietou 76
Big Num-num 97
bignoniaceae 92, 117
Bird-of-Paradise 66
Bitter Aloe 69
Bitteraalwyn 69
Black Birdberry 115
Blinkblaar 116
Blombos 85
Bloublom 64
Bloubos 57, 99
Blouheuningklokkiesbos 79
Bloukappie 88
Bloukappies 88
Bloukatsnorbos 98
Blouklokkiesbos 83
Blou-lippe 65
Blousalie 64
Blousyselbos 87
Bloutaaibos 119
Blue Cat's Whiskers 98
Blue Coleus 61
Blue Currant 119
Blue Honeybells 79
Blue Lips 65
Blue Salvia 64
Bluebush 99
Bobbejaanklou 50
Boetabessie 76
Bokbessie 53, 76
boracinaceae 51, 103
Bosbeesklou 73
Bosboegoe 33
Bosklokkiesbos 83
Bosnoemnoem 97
Bosviooltjie 37, 38
Bridal Heath 44
Brillantaisia subulugurica 74
Broom Karee 119
Brown Salvia 64
Bruinsalie 64
Buchu 33
Buddleja salviifolia 93
Buddieja auriculata 93
Buddleja glomerata 94
Buddleja saligna 95
Buffelshoring 75
Burchellia bubalina 75
Bush Violet 37
Bushtick Berry 76
Cabhozi 60
Camphor Bush 122
Cancer Bush 67
Cape Gold 48
Cape Honeysuckle 92
Cape Leadwort 87
Cape Snowbush 45
Cargoe 53
Carissa bispinosa 97
Carissa edulis 96
Carissa macrocarpa 97
Cat's Whiskers 98
Chinese Lanterns 112
Chinese-hat Plant 110
Chrysanthemoides
monilifera 76
Clanwilliam Euryops 46
Clerodendrum glabrum 98
Clerodendrum myricoides 98
Climbing Num-num 96
clusiaceae 80
Crane Flower 66
Crassula ovata 40
Crassula portulacea 40
crassulaceae 40
Crossberry 108
Curry Bush 80
Dainty Bauhinia 72
Deurmekaarbos 103
Didelta carnosa 41
Didelta spinosa 41
Dietes bicolor 42
Dietes grandiflora 43
Diospyros lycioides 99
Dogwood 116
Dombeya burgessiae 100
Douwurmbos 51
Dovyalis caffra 101
Dracaena aletriformis 77
Dracaena hookeriana 77
dracaenaceae 77
Dragon Tree 77
Drakeboom 77
Duinegousblom 41
Duinekraaibessie 118
Duiwelstabak 81
Dune Crowberry 118
Dune Marigold 41
Duvernoia aeon id flora 102
Duvernoia adhatodoides 102
Dwarf Coral Tree 78
Ea moru 88
Eastern Cape Cycad 104
ebenaceae 99
Ehretia rigida 103
Eight Day Healing Bush 51
Elephant's Foot 114
Encephalartos villosus 104
Encephalartos altensteinii 104
Encephalartos lehmannii 104
Ensete ventricosum 105
Erica bauera 44
Erica glandulosa 44
Erica scabriuscula 44
Erica species 44
Erica versicolor 44
ericaceae 44
Ericas 44
Eriocephalus africanus 45
Erythrina humeana 78
Euryops speciosissimus 46
Euryops pectinatus 46
Euryops virgineus 47
fabaceae 67, 71, 72, 73, 78
Fairy Iris 43
False Buchu 33
False Olive 95
Featherhead 58
Feathery Touch-me-not 84
Fee-iris 43
Firewheel Pincushion 82
flacourtiaceae 101, 113, 125
Fluweelblaarbosviooltjie 36
Forest Bells 83
Forest Num-num 97
Forest Spurflower 60
Freylinia lanceolata 106
Freylinia tropica 79
Fynbeesklou 72
Fynblaarrooihout 86
Gansies 67
Gardenia cornuta 107
Gardenia thunbergia 107
Geelbarleria 39
Geelbeesklou 73
Geelberggranaat 117
Geelblomsalie 64
Geelpiesang 66
Geelpistoolbos 102
Geelsewejaartjie 48
geraniaceae 55, 56
Giant Honey Flower 84
Giant Protea 89
Giant Salvia 74
Golden Curry Bush 80
Golden Daisy 46
Golden Salvia 64
Gouemargrietjie 46
Green's Barleria 70
Grewia occidentalis 108
Grey Barleria 36
Grey Bush Violet 36
Grondbroodboom 104
Groot Wilde-iris 43
Grootblaardrakeboom 77
Grootblaarkerriebos 80
Grootnoemnoem 97
Ground Cycad 104
Grysbarleria 36
Halleria elliptica 109
Halleria lucida 109
Harigemalva 35
Harpuisbos 46
Heart-leaved Pelargonium 55
Heaths 44
Heide 44
Helichrysum patulum 48
Helichrysum splendidum 48
Heuningklokkiesbos 106
Heuningmargriet 47
Hlokoa leleue 88
Hoesbos 94
Holmskioldia tettensis 110
Honey Euryops 47
Honey Everlasting 48
Honeybell Bush 106
Honeybells 106
Honeysuckle Tree 124
Hottentot's Lilac 103
Hypericum revolutum 80
Hypericum roeperianum 80
Hypoestes aristata 49
iBicongo 123
iBonya 84
iBunda 100
iDololenkonyane 37
iGonsi-lasehlathini 77
iGqeba 95
iGqeba-elimhlope 95
iGqeba-elimhlophe 122
iGqwanitsha 114
iHlazane 96
iHlwehlwe 102
iKati 78
iKhala 69
iKhalene 34
Ikhamanga 121
iLalanyathi 108
iLitiye 86
Impala Lily 32
Impala-lelie 32
Impepho 48
imVovo 81
inHlaba empofu 34
inKalane encane 68
iNkamanga 121
iNkhuphenkhuphe 120
inTelezi 34
iNunkisiqaqa 98
Inyanga Hedge Plant 79
iPhuphume 123
iridaceae 42, 43
isiCococo 114
isiDuli 122
isiGolwane 75
Isigude 121
isiGude 66
isiPheka 102
isiQungasehlati 42, 43
isiShwashwa 125
isiThibathibana 73
isiThibothi 65
isiThitibala 115
Ithethe 88
iThobankomo 75
iTholonja 76
iTokothoko 77
iZele 115
Jantjie-Berend 67
Kaapse Kanferfoelie 92
Kakkerlak 94
Kalkoentjiebos 67
Kanferbos 122
Kanferfoelieboom 124
Kankerbossie 67
Kapokbos 45
Kapokbossie 45
Karkey 40
Karomia speciosa forma
speciosa 110
Karoo Cycad 104
Karoo Gold 117
Karoo Sage 94
Karoobloubos 99
Karoo brood boom 104
Karoosalie 94
Kei Apple 101
Kei-appel 101
Kerriebos 80
Kiepkiepies 112
Kinderbossie 109
King Protea 89
Kisololo 71
Klapperbos 112
Kleinblaarkerriebos 80
Kleinbosviooltjie 38
Kleinkoraalboom 78
Klipdagga 81
Knoffelsalie 61
Koedoeklapper 120
Koningsprotea 89
Kooigoed 48
Kraaibessie 118
Kraanvoelblom 66
Kransaalwyn 68
Krantz Aloe 68
Kriekiebos 84
Kruidjie-roer-my-nie 84
Kruisbessie 108
lamiaceae 54, 59, 60, 61, 62,
64, 81
Large Spurflower Bush 59
Large Wild Iris 43
Large-leaved Curry Bush 80
Large-leaved Dragon Tree 77
Laventelbossie 63
Lebake 81
Lebetsa 109
Lehlohlo 85
Lemon Pistol Bush 102
Leonotis leonurus 81
Lesika 108
Leucospermum cordifolium
50
Leucospermum reflexum 111
Leucospermum tottum 82
Lintbos 49
128 Index
Lion's Ears 81
Lisitsa 104
Lobos 51
Lobostemon fruticosus 51
Lobster Flower 61
loganiaceae 93, 94, 95
Lothabe 102
Lowveld Bauhinia 71
Luibossie 51
Luisiesboom 50
Mackaya 83
Mackaya bella 83
Mahlono 101
Mahlozana 75
Malangula 92
malvaceae 35, 123
Mankgopo 115
Mazabuka 65
meliaceae 1 1 2, 1 24
melianthaceae 84
Melianthus comosus 84
Melianthus major 84
Metalasia muricata 85
Metarungia longistrobus 52
Mickey Mouse Bush 86
Mmaba 53
Mock Olive 95
Mofahlana 122
Mofifi 116
Mogopa 69
Mohatlha 122
Mohlokohloko 98
Mokakata 120
Mokgwakgwatha 120
Mokhupye 78
Mokhwibitsana 80
Mokhwidi 100
Mokoyhi 116
Mokukutu 108
Molaka 92
Monkey Plum 99
Monkga-nku 99
Moraithama 57
Morapa-sitsane 92
Morobe 103
Moswaapeba 98
Mothabathabane 92
Motheberebe 109
Mothokolo 96
Motholo 105
Mothotse 113
Motlempa 76
Motlhaja 99
Motlhono 101
Motlhono 101
Motlhwaretshogwana 95
Motloumana 99
Motolo 105
Motshiwiriri 71
Motshwarabadikana 108
Mountain Aloe 69
Msosobiana 108
Muishondblaar 60
Mukakate 120
Mukokolo 101
Mulala 105
Mumbeza 116
Murambara 96
Murevhe 109
Murungulu 96
Murungulu 97
musaceae 1 05
Muthala 99
Mutudzwi 11 3
Natal Bauhinia 72
Natal Gardenia 107
Natal Wild Banana 121
Natalkatjiepiering 107
Natalse Wildepiesang 121
Natalsebeesklou 72
Niesbos 94
Nodding Pincushion 50
Notsung 109
Ntamunga 96
Nylandtia spinosa 53
Nymania capensis 112
Ochna serrulata 86
ochnaceae 86
Omusepa 103
Oncoba spinosa 113
Oos-Kaapse Broodboom 104
Orthosiphon labiatus 54
Oval-leaf Buchu 33
Parasol Flower 110
Peacock Flower 42
Pelargonium cordifolium 55
Pelargonium graveolens 56
Perdeblom 41
Perdebos 41
Perdekop 111
Persbesem 88
Persblompeer 100
Persmuishondblaar 59
Petalidium 57
Petalidium oblongifolium 57
Phefo-ea-loti 48
Photsoloma 77
Phylica plumosa 58
Phylica pubescens 58
Pienkdrolpeer 100
Pienk-kiesieblaar 35
Pienksalie 54
Pink Fly Bush 60
Pink Joy 40
Pink Mallow 35
Pink Sage 54
Pink Wild Pear 100
Pistol Bush 102
Pistoolbos 102
Plakkie 40
Plectranthus zuluensis 62
Plectranthus ecklonii 59
Plectranthus fruticosus 60
Plectranthus neochilus 61
Plectranthus saccatus 62
plumbaginaceae 87
Plumbago 87
Plumbago auriculata 87
Polygala myrtifolia 88
Polygala virgata 88
polycalaceae 53, 88
Porkbush 114
portulacaceae 114
Portulacaria afra 114
Poublom 42
Pride-of-De Kaap 71
Protea cynaroides 89
Protea magnifica 90
proteaceae 50, 82, 89, 90, 1 1 1
Psychotria capensis 115
Pteronia incana 63
Purple Broom 88
Puzzle Bush 103
Ranknoemnoem 96
Red Ruspolia 91
Reuseheuningblom 84
Reusesalie 74
rhamnaceae 58, 116
Rhamnus prinoides 116
Rhigozum obovatum 11 7
Rhus crenata 118
Rhus erosa 119
Rhus nebulosa forma
nebulosa 119
Rhus zeyheri 119
Ribbon Bush 49
River Bells 83
River Resin Bush 47
Rivierharpuisbos 47
Rocket Pincushion 111
Rooiruspolia 91
Rose-scented Pelargonium 56
Rotheca myricoides 98
Round-leaf Buchu 33
rubiaceae 75, 107, 115
Ruspolia hypocrateriformis
var. austral is 91
rutaceae 33
Ruttyruspolia 91
Sabie Star 32
Sagewood 93
Saliehout 93
Salvia africana-lutea 64
Salvia chamelaeagnea 64
Salvia muirii 64
Salvia thermara 64
Samani 120
Sand Currant 119
Sandsalie 64
Sandtaaibos 119
Sclerochiton harveyanus 65
scrophulariaceae 79, 106, 109
Seegousblom 41
Seeroogblommetjie 49
Sefahlane122
Sehlati 104
Sekgalo 103
Sekgopha 68
Septemberbossie 88
Serokolo 97
Shell Bush 54
Sineyi 116
Skilpadbessie 53
Slaaibossie 41
Small Bush Violet 38
Small-leaved Curry Bush 80
Small-leaved Plane 86
Sneezebush 94
Snuff-box Tree 113
Snuifkalbassie 113
Sonbekkiebos 52
Spekboom 114
Speldekussing 50
Spiny Yellow Barleria 39
Spoorsalie 60
Star Apple 99
Star-chestnut 120
Starry Gardenia 107
Sterculia rogersii 120
sterculiaceae 100, 120
Sterkastaiing 120
Stinkboom 98
Stoep Jacaranda 62
Stoepjakaranda 62
Strandsalie 64
Strelitzia nicolai 121
Strelitzia reginae 66
strelitziaceae 66, 1 21
Suikerkan 89
Sunbird Bush 52
Sutherlandia frutescens 67
Swartvoelbessie 115
Tapaalwyn 69
Tarchonanthus camphoratus
122
t'Arda 41
Tecoma capensis 92
Tecomaria capensis 92
Thespesia acutiloba 123
Thlakeni 40
Thorny Bush Violet 39
tiliaceae 108
Tinderwood 98
T'kaibebos 63
Tlaba-dilebanye 96
Tonga 113
Tonga Gardenia 107
Tongakatjiepiering 107
Tongwaan 113
Tontelhout 98
Tortoise Berry 53
Touch-me-not 84
Tree Fuchsia 109
Treursalie 93
Trompetters 92
Tropical Salvia 74
Tselabele 119
Tshidiri 115
Tshiralala 107
Tswiriri 71
Tulip Tree 123
Turkey Flower 67
Turraea floribunda 124
Ubuhlungubemamba 84
Ucane 119
uDzilidzili omhlophe 115
uHladlwana olukhulu 49
uHlonyane 49
uHlwalana 102
Uiltjie 42
uLumba 120
uLumbu 120
Ulumbu Tree 120
uLwamfithi 76
umaBophe 87
umAdlozane 124
umaSheleshele 87
umAvuthwa 83
umBhalekani 125
umBhongisa 99
umBinda 109
umBinza 109
umBotshani 103
umBovu 86
umBozwa 98
umBulwa 99
umCafudane 99
umCwili 81
umDubu 125
umFincafincane 81
umFincane 75
umGebe 122
umGeweba 123
umGlindi 116
umGonogono 115
umGqeba 95
umGusa 104
umHlaba 69
umHlabana 68
umHlatholana 124
umHlokotshane 118
umKhangazi 107
umKhoma-khoma 77
umKhwakhwane 107
umKlele 103
urn Koto 92
umLahlana 124
umLulama 124
Umncaga 116
umNqabaza 108
umNyenye 11 6
umQaqongo 98
umQokolo 101
umShungu 113
umSinsana 78
umSintsane 78
Umthele 103
umThumgwa 11 3
umThungulu 97
umTongwane 113
umTyatyambane 98
umUnyane 92
umValasangweni 107
umVangatane 71
umVusankunzi 97
umXele 103
umXhalagube 40
uNomaweni 68
uNomphumela 107
uNondomela 109
uQongqo 75
Utile 93
uZwathi 83
Vaalbos 122
Vaalbossie 63
Valsboegoe 33
Veerkoppie 58
verbenaceae 98, 110
Vlam-van-die-Vlakte 71
Vlieebos 60
Vuurwiel-speldekussing 82
Weeping Sage 93
White Bauhinia 72
White Bristle Bush 85
Wild Bush Petunia 70
Wild Dagga 81
Wild Fuchsia 109
Wild Pomegranate 75
Wild Rosemary 45, 63
Wild Tulip Tree 123
Wildeappelkoos 101
Wildeboegoe 33
Wildedagga 81
Wildegranaat 75
Wildekamperfoelieboom 124
Wildemalva 56
Wildeparasolblom 110
Wilderoosmaryn 45
Wilderosmarien 63
Wildetulpboom 123
Witkatjiepiering 107
Witolien 95
Witsteekbos 85
Wolharpuisbos 46
Woolly-bearded Protea 90
X Ruttyruspolia 'Phyllis van
Heerden' 91
Xylotheca kraussiana 125
Yellow Barleria 39
Yellow Pomegranate 117
Yellow Wild Iris 42
Yellowbell Bauhinia 73
Ystervarkbos 11 7
zamiaceae 1 04
Zoeloemuishondblaar 62
Zulu Spur Flower 62